20 May 2019

0436 | Photo | Hochgebirgsschule der Waffen-SS



High Mountain School of the Waffen-SS. A school instructor, an SS-Unterscharführer, demonstrates to young mountain troopers, members of the "Nord" and "Prinz Eugen" divisions, how to properly walk on ice with crampons and use the ice axe when slipping or falling. The future high mountain troopers (Hochgebirgsjäger) have the privilege of being trained personally by Fritz Kasparek, the famous Austrian mountaineer who conquered the Eiger north face in July 1938, together with Anderl Heckmair, Ludwig Vörg and Heinrich Harrer (the future author of the book "Seven Years in Tibet", which inspired the 1997 movie of the same name). This native Viennese was lucky enough to survive the war – and unlucky to lose his life only nine years later (in June 1954), leading a mountaineering expedition in the Andes. His photo in SS uniform with crampons and ice axe was published during the war on the front page of the "New Illustrated Newspapers" (Neue Illustrierte Zeitung).

Text: Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Eugen Fink, SS War Correspondent Battalion.
Date: 1943.
Location: Neustift im Stubaital (district of Innsbruck), Germany.
Original caption: "Everything that a high mountain trooper needs to know. Lessons in walking on ice with crampons. When slipping or falling, the mountain trooper must immediately make this move. The handle of the ice axe is to be instantly pushed backwards into the ice slope, in order to achieve a braking effect."

Sources: NIOD, via Beeldbank WO2, 43009; National Archives, 242-JRP-22-54; Eugen Fink, "Den Bergen verfallen!", Wiener Illustrierte, 23.02.1944, vol. LXIII, no 8, p. 3; "Die Eiger-Nordwand bezwungen", Das interessante Blatt, Wien, 04.08.1938, vol. LVII, no 31, p. 7; Neue Illustrierte Zeitung, Berlin, 25.01.1944, vol. XX, no 4, p. 1; "Kasparek, Fritz", Historisches Alpenarchiv; "Heinrich Harrer", IMDb. (Photo restoration: Ivan Ž.)

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files; using text without crediting the original author; using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Visokobrdska škola SS-trupa. Školski instruktor, jedan SS-unteršarfirer, pokazuje mladim brdskim lovcima, pripadnicima divizija "Sever" i "Princ Ojgen", kako se pravilno hoda po ledu sa derezama i koristi cepin prilikom klizanja ili pada. Budući visokobrdski lovci (Hochgebirgsjäger) imaju privilegiju da ih obučava lično Fric Kasparek, čuveni austrijski planinar koji je jula 1938. godine osvojio severnu stranu Ajgera, zajedno sa Anderlom Hekmajerom, Ludvigom Fergom i Hajnrihom Harerom (budućim autorom knjige "Sedam godina na Tibetu", po kojoj je 1997. snimljen istoimeni film). Ovaj rođeni Bečlija imao je tu sreću da preživi rat – i nesreću da pogine samo devet godina kasnije (juna 1954), predvodeći jednu planinarsku ekspediciju u Andima. Njegova fotografija u SS-uniformi sa derezama i cepinom objavljena je za vreme rata na naslovnoj strani "Novih ilustrovanih novina" (Neue Illustrierte Zeitung).

Tekst: Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Ojgen Fink, Ratnodopisnički bataljon SS-a.
Datum: 1943.
Mesto: Nojštift u dolini Štubaj (okrug Inzbruk), Nemačka.
Originalni natpis: "Šta sve jedan visokobrdski lovac treba da zna. Nastava iz hodanja po ledu sa derezama. Prilikom klizanja ili pada, brdski lovac mora odmah napraviti ovaj pokret. Drška cepina se smesta gura unazad u ledenu padinu, kako bi se postigao efekat kočenja."

Izvori: NIOD, via Beeldbank WO2, 43009; National Archives, 242-JRP-22-54; Eugen Fink, "Den Bergen verfallen!", Wiener Illustrierte, 23.02.1944, god. LXIII, br. 8, str. 3; "Die Eiger-Nordwand bezwungen", Das interessante Blatt, Wien, 04.08.1938, god. LVII, br. 31, str. 7; Neue Illustrierte Zeitung, Berlin, 25.01.1944, god. XX, br. 4, str. 1; "Kasparek, Fritz", Historisches Alpenarchiv; "Heinrich Harrer", IMDb. (Foto-restauracija: Ivan Ž.)

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