17 January 2017

0203 | Photo | Soldatensender Belgrad



Soldiers' Radio Belgrade. Opening of the winter programme at the National Theatre. The performance of the German singer Edith Klawunde; this almost completely forgotten (and not that famous back then either) singer is only remembered as one of (many) performers of the song "Everything Passes, Everything Ends", the second biggest hit of Soldiers' Radio Belgrade (modelled after the famous "Lili Marleen"), which she recorded in Berlin, accompanied by (then famous) Adalbert Lutter's Dance Band, two months before this photograph was taken. The song was composed by the well known Austrian composer Fred Raymond, who cooperated with the Belgrade Radio as a member of the German propaganda troops (and who also performed at the National Theatre on this occasion). Pictured, the 28-year-old singer dances cheerfully, accompanied by the Dance Band of Soldiers' Radio Belgrade (in the background) led by the well known accordionist Hans Georg Schütz (outside the frame); the SS NCO who temporarily stood beside her is war correspondent Josef Schifko, cameraman of the "Prinz Eugen" Division (who was filming the show).

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Homann.
Date: 3 October 1942.
Location: Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: National Archives, 242-JRP-34-23-13A.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Vojnički radio Beograd. Otvaranje zimskog programa u Narodnom pozorištu. Nastup nemačke pevačice Edit Klavunde; ova danas skoro sasvim zaboravljena (a ni tada ne previše poznata) pevačica upamćena je samo kao jedan od (mnogobrojnih) izvođača pesme "Sve jednom prođe, sve se jednom završi", drugog najvećeg hita Vojničkog radija Beograd (napravljene po uzoru na proslavljenu "Lili Marlen"), koju je snimila u Berlinu uz muzičku pratnju (tada čuvenog) Plesnog orkestra Adalberta Lutera dva meseca pre nego što je nastala ova fotografija. Pesmu je komponovao poznati austrijski kompozitor Fred Rejmond, koji je sarađivao sa beogradskim radijom kao pripadnik nemačkih propagandnih jedinica (i koji je ovom prilikom takođe bio nastupio u Narodnom pozorištu). Na slici, dvadesetosmogodišnja pevačica veselo pleše uz muzičku pratnju Plesnog orkestra Vojničkog radija Beograd (u pozadini) pod upravom poznatog harmonikaša Hansa Georga Šica (van kadra); SS-podoficir koji je privremeno stao pored nje je ratni dopisnik Jozef Šifko, snimatelj "Princ Eugen" divizije (koji je snimao šou).

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Homan.
Datum: 3. oktobar 1942.
Mesto: Beograd, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: National Archives, 242-JRP-34-23-13A.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

11 January 2017

0202 | Photo | Sturmbrigade Südost



The end of the war. A few hours before dawn on 9 May 1945, at the crossroads near the village of Metleče, on the outskirts of Šoštanj (about 40 km from the German border), a company of the Protection Battalion of the Partisan IV Operational Zone tried to stop the first of endless German columns that continued retreating towards the border and the Western Allies, avoiding a surrender to the Partisans. After a brief firefight (which caused casualties on both sides, even among civilians), the fire was ceased and the column was temporarily stopped. In the photo, taken in the morning on the same day, at the same crossroads, starting the negotiations are Petar S. Brajović (on the right), chief of staff of the Partisan IV Operational Zone, and German Major Engelbrecht (second from the left), commander of the Assault Brigade South-East (of Battlegroup Fischer, which was subordinated directly to the Commander-in-Chief South-East, Colonel General Löhr). Standing on the left is an Allied paratrooper, a member of the Anglo-American military mission at the Partisan headquarters. During the negotiations, the Partisans were energetic and (seemingly) full of confidence – while, in fact, they were bluffing, very much fearing the exposure. They had a very small force at their disposal, but well deployed strategically, so that it seemed much larger (an incomplete battalion pretended to be a brigade), and they were also threatening with an (unplanned) attack by aviation and strong (far away) ground units. The Germans, although incomparably superior in numbers, well armed and still relatively mentally strong and determined – not knowing the actual strength of the Partisan forces, eventually, after a tense battle of wits, did cave in and agreed to surrender. In the afternoon on the same day, also in the vicinity of Šoštanj, the Commander-in-Chief South-East Alexander Löhr signed the capitulation of his troops, surrendering to the Partisans himself (after he realised that he was the victim of a bluff, Löhr fled and surrendered to the British – who then returned him to the Partisans). With occasional skirmishes, the stopping and disarmament of German forces in Yugoslavia lasted for a whole week.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 9 May 1945.
Location: Metleče (Šoštanj), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Petar S. Brajović, "Konačno oslobođenje" (p. 374).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Kraj rata. Nekoliko sati pred zoru 9. maja 1945. godine, na raskrsnici kod sela Metleča, na periferiji Šoštanja (četrdesetak kilometara od nemačke granice), jedna četa zaštitnog bataljona partizanske IV operativne zone pokušala je da zaustavi prvu od nepreglednih nemačkih kolona koje su i posle kapitulacije nastavile povlačenje ka granici i Zapadnim saveznicima, izbegavajući predaju partizanima. Posle kraćeg oružanog obračuna (u kojem je bilo žrtava na obe strane, čak i među civilima), vatra je obustavljena, a kolona privremeno zaustavljena. Na slici, snimljenoj istog dana u rano jutro, na istoj raskrsnici, pregovore započinju Petar S. Brajović (desno), načelnik štaba partizanske IV operativne zone, i nemački major Engelbreht (drugi sleva), komandant Jurišne brigade Jugoistok (iz sastava Borbene grupe Fišer, podređene direktno komandantu Jugoistoka, general-pukovniku Leru). Sasvim levo stoji jedan saveznički padobranac, pripadnik angloameričke vojne misije pri partizanskom štabu. Tokom pregovora, partizani su bili energični i (naizgled) samouvereni – a u suštini su blefirali, i te kako strepeći da ne budu razotkriveni. Raspolagali su izuzetno malim snagama, ali odlično strateški raspoređenim, tako da su delovale znatno veće (jedan nepotpuni bataljon izigravao je brigadu), a dodatno su pretili i (neplaniranim) napadom avijacije i jakih (daleko udaljenih) kopnenih jedinica. Nemci, iako su brojčano bili neuporedivo nadmoćniji, dobro naoružani i još uvek relativno psihički čvrsti i odlučni – ne znajući stvarno brojno stanje partizanskih snaga, ipak su na kraju, posle napete igre nadmudrivanja, popustili i pristali na predaju. Istog dana popodne, takođe u okolini Šoštanja, komandant Jugoistoka Aleksander Ler je potpisao kapitulaciju svojih trupa, predajući se i sam partizanima (kada je shvatio da je bio žrtva blefa, Ler je pobegao i predao se Britancima – koji su ga potom vratili partizanima). Uz povremene okršaje, zaustavljanje i razoružavanje nemačkih snaga u Jugoslaviji potrajalo je čitavih nedelju dana.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 9. maj 1945.
Mesto: Metleče (Šoštanj), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Petar S. Brajović, "Konačno oslobođenje" (str. 374).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.