30 October 2016

0194 | Photo | Reserve-Jäger-Regiment 1



Operation "Dunkirk". Members of the 1st Reserve Jäger Regiment pose for a photograph on their motorcycle with sidecar (Zündapp KS 750) facing a Partisan deserter (a member of either the VIII Kordun or the XXXIV Croatian Division), in the Žumberak area. Sitting on the front seat of the motorcycle is one of the company commanders, Lieutenant Richter. Unlike most Partisans captured at the same time previous year, who were mostly wearing military rags and civilian clothes, this captive wears a full military uniform – a gift of the British army. The photograph is also a fine illustration of some of the impressions written in the German corps command report on experiences from this (failed) operation: "During Operation 'Dunkirk', confronting our units were no longer bandit groups of lower or higher combat value, as always before, but troops whom the term 'bandit gangs' no longer fits, which should rather be called 'resistance troops', since they fought back, were well led and were well and sufficiently armed. [...] [The enemy were] opponents who should be taken completely seriously. As for the combat morale, they were certainly no match for our units."

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: June 1944.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "Action on Žumberak. Lieutenant Richter, company commander."

File source: eBay / buymuc.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.


Operacija "Denkerk". Pripadnici 1. rezervnog lovačkog puka poziraju za fotografiju na svom motoru s prikolicom (Cindap KS 750) okrenuti ka jednom partizanskom dezerteru (pripadniku ili VIII kordunaške ili XXXIV hrvatske divizije), u rejonu Žumberka. Na prednjem sedištu motora sedi komandir jedne od četa, poručnik Rihter. Za razliku od većine partizana zarobljavanih u isto vreme prethodne godine, koji su najčešće bili u vojničkim ritama i civilu, ovaj zarobljenik nosi punu vojnu uniformu – poklon britanske vojske. Fotografija je i dobra ilustracija nekih od utisaka zapisanih u izveštaju komande nemačkog korpusa o iskustvima iz ove (neuspele) operacije: "Za vreme operacije 'Denkerk', našim jedinicama nisu se više, kao uvek do sada, suprotstavljale grupe bandi sa manjom ili većom borbenom vrednošću, već trupe kojima više ne odgovara izraz 'bande', koje bi se pre morale zvati 'ustaničke trupe', pošto su prihvatile borbu, vojnički su dobro vođene i raspolažu dobrim i dovoljnim naoružanjem. [...] [Neprijatelj je bio] protivnik koga treba potpuno ozbiljno shvatiti. Što se tiče borbenog morala, svakako nije dorastao našim jedinicama."

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: jun 1944.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Akcija na Žumberku. Poručnik Rihter, komandir čete."

Izvor fajla: eBay / buymuc.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

0193 | Photo | 373. (kroatische) Infanterie-Division



A rare photograph of members of the German-Croatian "Tiger Division" (373rd Infantry Division), taken in the vicinity of Dvor na Uni, where their unit was stationed. The last parts of the "Tiger Division" were driven out of this town at the very end of the war, on 1 May 1945, by the Partisan XX Krajina Brigade (of the XXXIX Krajina Division).

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 1944.
Location: Dvor na Uni, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 11515.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.


Retka fotografija pripadnika nemačko-hrvatske "Tigar-divizije" (373. pešadijska divizija), snimljena u okolini Dvora na Uni, u kojem je njihova jedinica bila smeštena. Poslednji delovi "Tigar-divizije" iz ovog grada su isterani tek pred sam kraj rata, 1. maja 1945. godine, od strane partizanske XX krajiške brigade (XXXIX krajiške divizije).

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 1944.
Mesto: Dvor na Uni, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 11515.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

17 October 2016

0192 | Photo | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Operation "Black". Two grim faces from Transylvania: founders of the SS Division "Prinz Eugen", SS-Gruppenführer Artur Phleps (on the right), and his right-hand man and deputy, SS-Standartenführer Stefan Hedrich – both Transylvanian Germans and former officers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Romania (an interesting fact is that, in the 1930s, Phleps was also a military adviser to the Romanian King Carol II, whose sister was the Yugoslav Queen Maria – in whose country, a decade later, he was "restoring order" as an SS general, putting down the uprising and burning down the villages). The photograph was taken by Dutch SS volunteer and war correspondent Hugo Kemps in a tent at the division's headquarters in Gacko, during lunch on the occasion of the visit of General Lüters (the leader of the operation). At this point, Phleps has already been appointed commander of the newly-formed V SS Mountain Corps (his successor as commander of the "Prinz Eugen" Division, SS-Brigadeführer von Oberkamp, is ​sitting at the same table, on the opposite side); old Hedrich, who has just returned from a six-week treatment in Slovakia (after Operation "White", and the difficult winter conditions, he was barely able to walk), has also been transferred, and appointed inspector of mountain troops of the Waffen-SS. Unlike Phleps, who would be killed by Soviet soldiers the following year, tough Hedrich would live many more years, and die a month and a half before his 95th birthday. Sitting on the far left (shifted so that he would not ruin the shot) is the third of the division's highest-ranking officers and its chief medical officer, SS-Oberführer Dr Kurt-Peter Müller (who has also been transferred to the new corps). The doctor would outlive both his comrades and die just a month before his 99th birthday. On their left sleeves, all three are wearing the rarely seen circular insignia of the "Prinz Eugen" Division.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Hugo Kemps.
Date: 7 June 1943.
Location: Gacko, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: National Archives, 242-JRP-41-15-20.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.

Index | Sources 


Operacija "Crno". Dva mračna lica iz Transilvanije: osnivači SS-divizije "Princ Eugen", SS-grupenfirer Artur Fleps (desno), i njegova desna ruka i zamenik, SS-štandartenfirer Štefan Hedrih – obojica transilvanijski Nemci i bivši oficiri Austrougarske monarhije i Kraljevine Rumunije (zanimljiv podatak je taj da je Fleps 1930-ih godina bio i vojni savetnik rumunskog kralja Karola II, čija je rođena sestra bila jugosloveska kraljica Marija – po čijoj je zemlji deceniju kasnije "zavodio red" kao SS-general, gaseći ustanak i paleći naselja). Fotografiju je snimio holandski SS-dobrovoljac i ratni dopisnik Hugo Kemps pod šatorom u štabu divizije u Gackom, za vreme ručka povodom posete generala Litersa (vođe operacije). U ovom trenutku Fleps je već postavljen za komandanta novoformiranog V brdskog SS-korpusa (njegov naslednik na mestu komandanta "Princ Eugen" divizije, SS-brigadefirer fon Oberkamp, sedi za istim stolom, na suprotnoj strani); stari Hedrih, koji se upravo vratio sa šestonedeljnog lečenja u Slovačkoj (posle operacije "Belo", i teških zimskih uslova, jedva je bio u stanju da hoda), takođe je prekomandovan, i postavljen za inspektora brdskih jedinica SS-trupa. Za razliku od Flepsa, koga će naredne godine ubiti sovjetski vojnici, žilavi Hedrih će još dugo poživeti, i umreti mesec i po dana pred svoj 95. rođendan. Sasvim levo (izmaknut da ne bi kvario kadar) sedi i treći od najviših oficira divizije i njen glavni lekar, SS-oberfirer dr Kurt-Peter Miler (koji je takođe prekomandovan u novi korpus). Doktor će nadživeti obojicu saboraca i umreti samo mesec dana pred svoj 99. rođendan. Na levim rukavima, sva trojica nose retko viđenu kružnu oznaku "Princ Eugen" divizije.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Hugo Kemps.
Datum: 7. jun 1943.
Mesto: Gacko, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: National Archives, 242-JRP-41-15-20.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.