30 March 2018

0327 | Photo | Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije



Attention  bandit territory – drive in escort only! One of the German road (warning) signs that marked the Partisan-controlled areas in occupied countries (photographed on a village road in Slovenia).

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 1943.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: "Fotografski dokumenti o boju Komunistične partije Slovenije" II, 2 (p. 217).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Pažnja  banditska teritorija – putovati isključivo u pratnji! Jedan od nemačkih saobraćajnih znakova (opasnosti) koji su označavali područja pod partizanskom kontrolom u okupiranim zemljama (snimljeno na jednom seoskom putu u Sloveniji).

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 1943.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: "Fotografski dokumenti o boju Komunistične partije Slovenije" II, 2 (str. 217).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

0326 | Photo | Unidentified



Members of an unknown Chetnik movement (probably Pećanac's) in a relaxed conversation with German officers, somewhere in Yugoslavia (probably in Serbia). The Chetnik on the far right wears a rarely seen šajkača cap with tassel on his head. (Note: In the book "The Second World War" [Der zweite Weltkrieg, Gütersloh, 1968], which is the source of this obscure photograph, the Chetniks were misidentified as "Croatian volunteers".)

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 1941/1942.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: "Der zweite Weltkrieg" (p. 277).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Pripadnici nepoznatog četničkog pokreta (verovatno Pećančevog) u opuštenom razgovoru sa nemačkim oficirima, negde u Jugoslaviji (verovatno u Srbiji). Četnik sasvim desno na glavi nosi retko viđenu šajkaču s kićankom. (Napomena: u knjizi "Drugi svetski rat" [Der zweite Weltkrieg, Gitersloh, 1968], koja je izvor ove slabo poznate fotografije, četnici su pogrešno identifikovani kao "hrvatski dobrovoljci".)

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 1941/1942.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: "Der zweite Weltkrieg" (str. 277).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

20 March 2018

0325 | Photo | Unidentified



Execution of hostages in Pančevo. A woman says goodbye to her husband, kissing his lifeless hand. Tonight, while she lies alone in the bed that they shared only two nights ago, her man would be hanging dead at the cemetery, as a warning for the "disobedient", and an entertainment for the disturbed. For retribution! Only tomorrow, the poor woman would be allowed to cut her husband down from the gallows, hug him for the last time, and bury him. This horrendous, sorrowful scene at the Pančevo cemetery attracked a German Air Force officer, who stepped behind the widow with his legs streched apart, posing to his comrade next to the "exotic" display. For a souvenir! On the back of the picture, the photographer indifferently wrote: "The wife of a hanged man kisses her husband's hand. In the background, our technical superior."

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 22 April 1941.
Location: Pančevo, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "The wife of a hanged man kisses her husband's hand. In the background, our technical superior."

File source: National Archives, RG 338, Cases Tried, Box 515 / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 90678.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Pogubljenje talaca u Pančevu. Žena se oprašta od supruga, ljubeći njegovu beživotnu ruku. Večeras, dok bude sama ležala u postelji koju su još preksinoć delili, njen će čovek visiti mrtav na groblju, kao opomena za "neposlušne", i zabava za poremećene. Za odmazdu! Tek sutradan će sirota žena smeti muža da skine s vešala, poslednji put zagrli, i pokopa. Ova jeziva, pretužna scena na pančevačkom groblju privukla je i jednog nemačkog vazduhoplovnog oficira, koji je raskoračen stao iza udovice, pozirajući svom saborcu kraj "egzotičnog" prizora. Za uspomenu! Na poleđini slike, fotograf je ravnodušno napisao: "Žena obešenog ljubi ruku svog muža. U pozadini, naš tehnički rukovodilac."

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 22. april 1941.
Mesto: Pančevo, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Žena obešenog ljubi ruku svog muža. U pozadini, naš tehnički rukovodilac."

Izvor fajla: National Archives, RG 338, Cases Tried, Box 515 / United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 90678.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

19 March 2018

0324 | Photo | Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei



Yugoslavia grants asylum to Austrian Nazis. After an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the Dollfuß government (the so-called July Putsch, in the course of which Chancellor Dollfuß was murdered), close to 3000 Austrian Nazis – putschists and their families – found refuge in friendly Yugoslavia (Slovenia and Croatia). The Austrian refugees spent a total of four months in the South Slavic kingdom, mostly in Varaždin, before they were finally transferred to Germany. They regularly conducted military training and fostered the spirit of National Socialism within their community, and quickly established good cooperation with the local population, which developed into a true friendship (in some cases, in more than friendship: during their stay in Varaždin, young Nazis conceived over 40 children with local girls). As a sign of gratitude for the hospitality, a few years later, the German Nazi Party presented the city of Varaždin with a bus. Pictured: Austrian putschists at the Varaždin camp.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: August/September 1934.
Location: Varaždin, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, S 307/49.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Jugoslavija daje azil austrijskim nacistima. Posle neuspelog pokušaja rušenja Dolfusove vlade (tzv. Julskog puča, u kojem je kancelar Dolfus ubijen), blizu 3000 austrijskih nacista – pučista i njihovih porodica – našlo je utočište u prijateljskoj Jugoslaviji (Sloveniji i Hrvatskoj). Izbegli Austrijanci proveli su ukupno četiri meseca u kraljevini Južnih Slovena, većinom u Varaždinu, pre nego što su konačno prebačeni u Nemačku. U okviru svoje zajednice redovno su sprovodili vojnu obuku i negovali duh nacionalsocijalizma, a sa domaćim stanovništvom su vrlo brzo uspostavili dobru saradnju, koja se razvila i u pravo prijateljstvo (u pojedinim slučajevima i u više od prijateljstva: tokom svog boravka u Varaždinu, mladi nacisti su sa domaćim devojkama začeli preko 40 dece). U znak zahvalnosti za ukazano gostoprimstvo, nekoliko godina kasnije, nemačka nacistička partija je gradu Varaždinu poklonila autobus. Na slici: austrijski pučisti u varaždinskom logoru.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: avgust/septembar 1934.
Mesto: Varaždin, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, S 307/49.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

13 March 2018

0323 | Press | Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije



Tito's camouflaged headquarters – The Marshal and some of his Partisans. A British photo report on the Yugoslav Partisans, their leader Tito and his headquarters in Drvar, shot about ten days before the German Operation "Knight's Move" (raid on Drvar) and published four days after its completion, on 10 June 1944, in "The Illustrated London News". The report shows three studies of Tito (one with his dog Tiger), the cave that housed the Supreme Headquarters and some of the female participants of the Second USAOJ Congress, led by Stana Tomašević (the leader of the Montenegrin delegation). The photos were shot by Sergeant Max Slade of No 2 Army Film and Photographic Unit – who was captured before their release, by SS paratroopers.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Max Slade.
Date: 4–14 May 1944.
Location: Drvar, Yugoslavia.
Original text: "Tito's camouflaged headquarters – The Marshal and some of his Partisans. Situated as it is, built up against the living mountain rock, the cabin headquarters in which Marshal Tito lives and conducts his successful campaign against the Nazi invaders – he has just ordered an all-out general offensive – is difficult for visitors to locate. It is approached by a steep path hewn out of the mountain-side, and before reaching the cabin anyone who seeks an interview is subjected to a critical examination by the guards. Recently the Marshal granted an interview to war correspondents, and our three top pictures were taken at that time. Recently too, the Second Anti-Fascist Youth Congress of Tito's National Army of Liberation was held, and the delegates from the Province of Montenegro took 30 days to reach the rendezvous, fighting their way through enemy-held territory. The leader of the party was a young girl of twenty-one, Stana Tomashevitch, who has been fighting with the Partisans for three years and has been twice wounded. On arrival she was made Chairman of the Congress. [Pictures 1–3:] Marshal Tito at his mountain headquarters: Three studies of the heroic leader of the Yugoslav Partisans. With him (centre) is his favourite pet, a German police dog, who answers to the name of 'Tiger'. [Picture 4:] A general view of the Marshal's well-hidden H.Q. in the mountains. To the right is the steep path leading to the cabin. [Picture 5:] A close-up of the cabin in which Marshal Tito lives and conducts his campaign against the Nazi invaders. [Picture 6:] The leader of the Montenegrin delegates to Marshal Tito's National Army of Liberation Youth Congress – Partisan Stana Tomashevitch, aged 21. [Picture 7:] Three fully-armed Partisan girls who attended the Second Anti-Fascist Youth Congress of Marshal Tito's National Army of Liberation."

File source: "The Illustrated London News" 5486 (p. 653).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Titov skriveni štab – Maršal i neki od njegovih partizana. Britanska fotoreportaža o jugoslovenskim partizanima, njihovom vođi Titu i njegovom štabu u Drvaru, snimljena desetak dana pred nemačku operaciju "Potez skakačem" (desant na Drvar) i objavljena četiri dana po njenom završetku, 10. juna 1944. godine, u "Ilustrovanim londonskim novostima" (The Illustrated London News). U reportaži su prikazane tri studije Tita (jedna sa psom Tigrom), pećina u kojoj je bio smešten Vrhovni štab i neke od učesnica Drugog kongresa USAOJ-a, na čelu sa Stanom Tomašević (predvodnicom delegacije iz Crne Gore). Fotografije je snimio narednik Maks Slejd iz 2. vojno-filmske i fotografske jedinice – koji je zarobljen pre njihovog objavljivanja, od strane SS-padobranaca.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Maks Slejd.
Datum: 4–14. maj 1944.
Mesto: Drvar, Jugoslavija.
Originalni tekst: "Titov skriveni štab – Maršal i neki od njegovih partizana. Tako kako je smeštena, sagrađena uz stenje žive planine, štabnu kolibu u kojoj maršal Tito živi i vodi svoju uspešnu kampanju protiv nacističkih okupatora – upravo je naredio sveopštu ofanzivu – posetioci teško mogu da pronađu. Do nje se dolazi stazom isklesanom na padini planine, a pre nego što se do kolibe stigne, svako ko želi intervju podleže temeljnom pregledu od strane stražara. Nedavno je maršal odobrio intervju ratnim dopisnicima, i tom prilikom su nastale naše gornje tri slike. Takođe nedavno, održan je Drugi kongres antifašističke omladine Titove narodnooslobodilačke vojske, a delegatima iz Pokrajine Crne Gore bilo je potrebno 30 dana da stignu na sastanak, vatrom se probijajući kroz neprijateljsku teritoriju. Vođa grupe je dvadesetjednogodišnja devojka, Stana Tomašević, koja se tri godine bori na strani partizana i dvaput je ranjavana. Po dolasku je imenovana predsednicom kongresa. [Slike 1–3:] Maršal Tito u svom planinskom štabu: tri studije junačkog vođe jugoslovenskih partizana. Sa njim je (u sredini) njegov omiljeni ljubimac, nemački policijski pas, koji se odaziva na ime 'Tigar'. [Slika 4:] Pogled iz daljine na maršalov dobro skriveni štab u planinama. Desno je strma staza koja vodi do kolibe. [Slika 5:] Pogled iz blizine na kolibu u kojoj maršal Tito živi i vodi svoju kampanju protiv nacističkih okupatora. [Slika 6:] Vođa crnogorskih delegata na kongresu omladine narodnooslobodilačke vojske maršala Tita – partizanka Stana Tomašević, dvadesetjednogodišnjakinja. [Slika 7:] Tri dobro naoružane mlade partizanke koje su prisustvovale Drugom kongresu antifašističke omladine narodnooslobodilačke vojske maršala Tita."

Izvor fajla: "The Illustrated London News" 5486 (str. 653).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

04 March 2018

0322 | Press | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Forward into battle against Bolshevism! One of several German reports on the fighting against the Chetniks falsely presented in the wartime press as fighting against the Communists. This photo report by SS war correspondent Kollik, published on 29 July 1943 in the Dutch Nazi newspaper "Black Soldier" (De zwarte soldaat), shows camouflaged and armed to the teeth members of the 2nd Regiment, SS Division "Prinz Eugen", accompanied by tanks of the 2nd Company, 202nd Armoured Battalion, during the action of disarming and capturing the Chetniks in the Stolac–Bileća area (Trebinje Corps), at the very beginning of Operation "Black". It was initially entitled: "Captured in a surprise attack." However, since the monarchist resistance fighters were politically rather uninteresting to the Nazis and their propaganda machine, unlike the Communists against whom they had been fanatically fighting all over Europe for a quarter of a century, the report was published under a new, politically more desirable headline: "Forward into battle against Bolshevism!" 

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Kollik.
Date: 15–16 May 1943.
Location: unknown (Stolac–Bileća), Yugoslavia.
Original text: "Forward into battle against Bolshevism!"

File source: "De zwarte soldaat" 47/3 (p. 4).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Napred u borbu protiv boljševizma! Jedna od nekoliko nemačkih reportaža o borbama protiv četnika lažno predstavljenih u ratnoj štampi kao borbe protiv komunista. Ova fotoreportaža ratnog dopisnika SS-a Kolika, objavljena 29. jula 1943. godine u holandskom nacističkom listu "Crni vojnik" (De zwarte soldaat), prikazuje maskirane i do zuba naoružane pripadnike 2. puka SS-divizije "Princ Eugen", u pratnji tenkova 2. čete 202. oklopnog bataljona, tokom akcije razoružavanja i zarobljavanja četnika u rejonu Stolac–Bileća (Trebinjski korpus), na samom početku operacije "Crno". Izvorno je nazvana: "U iznenadnom napadu zarobljeni." Međutim, kako ustanici-monarhisti nacistima i njihovoj propagandnoj mašini politički nisu bili previše zanimljivi, za razliku od komunista protiv kojih su se već četvrt veka širom Evrope fanatično borili, reportaža je objavljena pod novim, politički poželjnijim naslovom: "Napred u borbu protiv boljševizma!"

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Kolik.
Datum: 15–16. maj 1943.
Mesto: nepoznato (Stolac–Bileća), Jugoslavija.
Originalni tekst: "Napred u borbu protiv boljševizma!"

Izvor fajla: "De zwarte soldaat" 47/3 (str. 4).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.