13 March 2018

0323 | Press | Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije



Tito's camouflaged headquarters – The Marshal and some of his Partisans. A British photo report on the Yugoslav Partisans, their leader Tito and his headquarters in Drvar, shot about ten days before the German Operation "Knight's Move" (raid on Drvar) and published four days after its completion, on 10 June 1944, in "The Illustrated London News". The report shows three studies of Tito (one with his dog Tiger), the cave that housed the Supreme Headquarters and some of the female participants of the Second USAOJ Congress, led by Stana Tomašević (the leader of the Montenegrin delegation). The photos were shot by Sergeant Max Slade of No 2 Army Film and Photographic Unit – who was captured before their release, by SS paratroopers.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Max Slade.
Date: 4–14 May 1944.
Location: Drvar, Yugoslavia.
Original text: "Tito's camouflaged headquarters – The Marshal and some of his Partisans. Situated as it is, built up against the living mountain rock, the cabin headquarters in which Marshal Tito lives and conducts his successful campaign against the Nazi invaders – he has just ordered an all-out general offensive – is difficult for visitors to locate. It is approached by a steep path hewn out of the mountain-side, and before reaching the cabin anyone who seeks an interview is subjected to a critical examination by the guards. Recently the Marshal granted an interview to war correspondents, and our three top pictures were taken at that time. Recently too, the Second Anti-Fascist Youth Congress of Tito's National Army of Liberation was held, and the delegates from the Province of Montenegro took 30 days to reach the rendezvous, fighting their way through enemy-held territory. The leader of the party was a young girl of twenty-one, Stana Tomashevitch, who has been fighting with the Partisans for three years and has been twice wounded. On arrival she was made Chairman of the Congress. [Pictures 1–3:] Marshal Tito at his mountain headquarters: Three studies of the heroic leader of the Yugoslav Partisans. With him (centre) is his favourite pet, a German police dog, who answers to the name of 'Tiger'. [Picture 4:] A general view of the Marshal's well-hidden H.Q. in the mountains. To the right is the steep path leading to the cabin. [Picture 5:] A close-up of the cabin in which Marshal Tito lives and conducts his campaign against the Nazi invaders. [Picture 6:] The leader of the Montenegrin delegates to Marshal Tito's National Army of Liberation Youth Congress – Partisan Stana Tomashevitch, aged 21. [Picture 7:] Three fully-armed Partisan girls who attended the Second Anti-Fascist Youth Congress of Marshal Tito's National Army of Liberation."

File source: "The Illustrated London News" 5486 (p. 653).

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Titov skriveni štab – Maršal i neki od njegovih partizana. Britanska fotoreportaža o jugoslovenskim partizanima, njihovom vođi Titu i njegovom štabu u Drvaru, snimljena desetak dana pred nemačku operaciju "Potez skakačem" (desant na Drvar) i objavljena četiri dana po njenom završetku, 10. juna 1944. godine, u "Ilustrovanim londonskim novostima" (The Illustrated London News). U reportaži su prikazane tri studije Tita (jedna sa psom Tigrom), pećina u kojoj je bio smešten Vrhovni štab i neke od učesnica Drugog kongresa USAOJ-a, na čelu sa Stanom Tomašević (predvodnicom delegacije iz Crne Gore). Fotografije je snimio narednik Maks Slejd iz 2. vojno-filmske i fotografske jedinice – koji je zarobljen pre njihovog objavljivanja, od strane SS-padobranaca.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Maks Slejd.
Datum: 4–14. maj 1944.
Mesto: Drvar, Jugoslavija.
Originalni tekst: "Titov skriveni štab – Maršal i neki od njegovih partizana. Tako kako je smeštena, sagrađena uz stenje žive planine, štabnu kolibu u kojoj maršal Tito živi i vodi svoju uspešnu kampanju protiv nacističkih okupatora – upravo je naredio sveopštu ofanzivu – posetioci teško mogu da pronađu. Do nje se dolazi stazom isklesanom na padini planine, a pre nego što se do kolibe stigne, svako ko želi intervju podleže temeljnom pregledu od strane stražara. Nedavno je maršal odobrio intervju ratnim dopisnicima, i tom prilikom su nastale naše gornje tri slike. Takođe nedavno, održan je Drugi kongres antifašističke omladine Titove narodnooslobodilačke vojske, a delegatima iz Pokrajine Crne Gore bilo je potrebno 30 dana da stignu na sastanak, vatrom se probijajući kroz neprijateljsku teritoriju. Vođa grupe je dvadesetjednogodišnja devojka, Stana Tomašević, koja se tri godine bori na strani partizana i dvaput je ranjavana. Po dolasku je imenovana predsednicom kongresa. [Slike 1–3:] Maršal Tito u svom planinskom štabu: tri studije junačkog vođe jugoslovenskih partizana. Sa njim je (u sredini) njegov omiljeni ljubimac, nemački policijski pas, koji se odaziva na ime 'Tigar'. [Slika 4:] Pogled iz daljine na maršalov dobro skriveni štab u planinama. Desno je strma staza koja vodi do kolibe. [Slika 5:] Pogled iz blizine na kolibu u kojoj maršal Tito živi i vodi svoju kampanju protiv nacističkih okupatora. [Slika 6:] Vođa crnogorskih delegata na kongresu omladine narodnooslobodilačke vojske maršala Tita – partizanka Stana Tomašević, dvadesetjednogodišnjakinja. [Slika 7:] Tri dobro naoružane mlade partizanke koje su prisustvovale Drugom kongresu antifašističke omladine narodnooslobodilačke vojske maršala Tita."

Izvor fajla: "The Illustrated London News" 5486 (str. 653).

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