31 May 2016

0165 | Photo | Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije



Two frightened Partisan girls, captured during a sweep of one of the Yugoslav forests, begging German soldiers for mercy. Due to the lack of own uniforms, both are wearing parts of the old Yugoslav army uniform. The Germans photographed their search, and then the interrogation as well, during which they made them cry (in the following photograph, both girls are crying, imploring and holding head in despair). Their fate is unknown.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Heber.
Date: 1942.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Bundesarchiv / Yad Vashem, 7261/226.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Dve uplašene mlade partizanke, zarobljene za vreme akcije čišćenja jedne od šuma Jugoslavije, mole nemačke vojnike za milost. U nedostatku sopstvenih uniformi, obe nose delove uniforme stare jugoslovenske vojske. Nemci su fotografisali njihovo pretresanje, a potom i ispitivanje, tokom kog su ih rasplakali (na narednoj fotografiji, obe devojke plaču, preklinju i hvataju se za glavu u očaju). Njihova sudbina nije poznata.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Heber.
Datum: 1942.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Bundesarchiv / Yad Vashem, 7261/226.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

15 May 2016

0164 | Photo | Höherer SS- und Polizeiführer Adriatisches Küstenland



Operation "Spring Beginning". SS-Sturmbannführer Ernst Lerch (centre), from the Staff of the SS and Police Commander of the Adriatic Littoral, studies a map with an SS-Hauptsturmführer (on the right) and an officer of the Dinara Chetnik Division, somewhere in the Vipava Valley. Lerch was a big war criminal, the right hand of SS-Gruppenführer Odilo Globočnik, the perpetrator of Operation "Reinhard" (mass murder of Polish Jews), and, together with his boss, was responsible for the deaths of nearly two million people. After Poland, Lerch and Globočnik were transferred to the Adriatic Littoral, where, with the help of a few more mass murderers, colleagues from previous job, they continued liquidating the Jews and fought the local partisans. After the war, Lerch was symbolically sentenced (in Germany) to two years in prison, and afterwards he opened a café in his hometown, in Austria. He died at the age of 83.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: March 1945.
Location: unknown, Italy.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Antonio J. Munoz, "Slovenian Axis Forces in World War II 1941–1945" (p. 34).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Operacija "Početak proleća". SS-šturmbanfirer Ernst Lerh (sredina), iz štaba komandanta SS-a i policije Jadranskog primorja, studira kartu sa jednim SS-hauptšturmfirerom (desno) i oficirom Dinarske četničke divizije, negde u Vipavskoj dolini. Lerh je bio teški ratni zločinac, desna ruka SS-grupenfirera Odila Globočnika, izvršioca operacije "Rajnhard" (masovno ubistvo poljskih Jevreja), i zajedno je sa svojim šefom bio odgovoran za smrt blizu dva miliona ljudi. Posle Poljske, Lerh i Globočnik su prebačeni na Jadransko primorje, gde su uz pomoć još nekoliko masovnih ubica, kolega sa prethodnog posla, nastavili sa likvidacijom Jevreja i borili se protiv lokalnih partizana. Lerh je posle rata simbolično osuđen (u Nemačkoj) na dve godine zatvora, a potom je otvorio kafić u svom rodnom gradu, u Austriji. Umro je u 83. godini života.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: mart 1945.
Mesto: nepoznato, Italija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Antonio J. Munoz, "Slovenian Axis Forces in World War II 1941–1945" (str. 34).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

0163 | Photo | 2. Armee



Operation 25. On the morning of 16 April 1941, in the hall of the Czechoslovakian mission in the King Alexander Street in Belgrade, delegates of the German, Italian and Hungarian armies awaited for the Yugoslav signing of the capitulation. Also present were photographers from the German 691st Propaganda Company, Fremke and Neubauer, and film and sound recording of this (failed) event was planned as well. At the central spot of the room was hung a large picture of the German leader Adolf Hitler, the man who ten days earlier bombed this city, out of personal revenge. The Germans demanded (a humiliating) unconditional surrender, about which they did inform the Yugoslav Supreme Command, but only half a day earlier; because of the paralysed communications (a result of Hitler's bombing), their conditions reached the Supreme Command (at Pale) on the day of the very meeting, on 16 April. The Yugoslav representatives set off to Belgrade from Sarajevo a day and a half earlier, on 14 April, and did not even have an authorisation to sign a capitulation, or any kind of agreement. The Yugoslavs came to negotiate and ask for a honourable truce, and not to unconditionally capitulate; the Germans came to demand an unconditional capitulation, and not to negotiate. The meeting was soon over, and postponed to the following day. Nevertheless, the photographs of the unsuccessful meetings were published – and still are often presented as the official images of the capitulation of Yugoslavia, in both German and Yugoslav archives. Pictured (from left to right): Colonel General Maximilian von Weichs, commander of the German 2nd Army, Divisional General Mihailo Bodi and Lieutenant Colonel Radmilo Trojanović from the Yugoslav Supreme Command, the interpreter (a German Major) and Colonel József Vasváry, Hungarian military attaché in Belgrade. The capitulation was signed the following day, 17 April, by Divisional General Radivoje Janković and (ironically) former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr Aleksandar Cincar-Marković – the man who three weeks earlier signed the Tripartite Pact with the Germans.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Heinz Fremke.
Date: 16 April 1941.
Location: Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "The final act of the Serbian collapse. In Belgrade, the Deputy Chief of the General Staff of the Serbian Army has come before Colonel General Weichs, to offer surrender on behalf of his government. The German demands were announced by Colonel General Weichs, in the presence of the Italian and Hungarian military attachés. The picture shows Colonel General Weichs (left) listening to the Serbian government's appeal for ceasefire. To the right: Serbian General Mihailo Bodi, his adjutant, the interpreter and the Hungarian military attaché."

File source: DPA / Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 04.05.2015.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Operacija 25. Ujutro 16. aprila 1941. godine, u sali čehoslovačkog poslanstva u Ulici Kralja Aleksandra u Beogradu, predstavnici nemačke, italijanske i mađarske vojske iščekivali su jugoslovensko potpisivanje kapitulacije. Prisutni su bili i fotografi iz nemačke 691. propagandne čete, Fremke i Nojbauer, a planirano je i filmsko i tonsko snimanje ovog (neuspelog) događaja. Na centralnom mestu u prostoriji okačena je velika slika nemačkog vođe Adolfa Hitlera, čoveka koji je deset dana ranije ovaj grad bombardovao, iz lične osvete. Nemci su zahtevali (ponižavajuću) bezuslovnu kapitulaciju, o čemu jugoslovensku Vrhovnu komandu jesu bili izvestili, ali samo pola dana ranije; zbog prekinutih veza (posledica Hitlerovog bombardovanja), njihovi su uslovi u Vrhovnu komandu (na Palama) stigli tek na dan samog sastanka, 16. aprila. Jugoslovenski opunomoćenici u Beograd su krenuli iz Sarajeva dan i po ranije, 14. aprila, a ovlašćenje za potpisivanje kapitulacije ili bilo kakvog sporazuma nisu ni imali. Jugosloveni su došli da pregovaraju i traže jedno časno primirje, a ne da bezuslovno kapituliraju; Nemci su došli da zahtevaju bezuslovnu kapitulaciju, a ne da pregovaraju. Sastanak je ubrzo završen, i odložen za sledeći dan. Bez obzira na sve, fotografije ovog neuspešnog susreta su objavljene – i još uvek se često vode kao zvanične slike kapitulacije Jugoslavije, i u nemačkim i jugoslovenskim arhivama. Na slici (sleva nadesno): general-pukovnik Maksimilijan fon Vajhs, komandant nemačke 2. armije, divizijski general Mihailo Bodi i potpukovnik Radmilo Trojanović iz jugoslovenske Vrhovne komande, prevodilac (nemački major) i pukovnik Jožef Vašvari, mađarski vojni ataše u Beogradu. Kapitulacija je potpisana narednog dana, 17. aprila, od strane divizijskog generala Radivoja Jankovića i (igrom ironije) bivšeg ministra spoljnih poslova, dr Aleksandra Cincar-Markovića – čoveka koji je tri nedelje ranije sa Nemcima potpisao Trojni pakt.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Hajnc Fremke.
Datum: 16. april 1941.
Mesto: Beograd, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Završni čin srpskog sloma. U Beogradu je pred general-pukovnika Vajhsa došao pomoćnik načelnika Generalštaba srpske vojske, da u ime svoje vlade ponudi predaju. Nemačke zahteve izneo je general-pukovnik Vajhs, u prisustvu italijanskog i mađarskog vojnog atašea. Na slici je prikazan general-pukovnik Vajhs (levo) dok sluša zahtev srpske vlade za prekid vatre. Nadesno: srpski general Mihailo Bodi, njegov ađutant, prevodilac i mađarski vojni ataše."

Izvor fajla: DPA / Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, 04.05.2015.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

10 May 2016

0162 | Photo | 21. Waffen-Gebirgs-Division der SS "Skanderbeg" (albanische Nr. 1)



Formation of the 21st SS Mountain Division "Skanderbeg". General Böhme visits the division in Kosovo. In the centre of Prizren, on a small bridge over the Bistrica river, SS-Oberführer August Schmidhuber (divisional commander) invites the newly-appointed commander of the 2nd Armoured Army, General of Mountain Troops Franz Böhme, to inspect the honour guard. (Seen in the background, on the right, is the famous Sinan Pasha Mosque from the XVII century, and the Orthodox Cathedral of St. George.)

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 5 July 1944.
Location: Prizren, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "General of Mountain Troops Böhme, commander of the 2nd Armoured Army, and Standartenführer Schmidhuber, commander of the SS Division 'Skanderbeg'."

File source: Ian Sayer Archive.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Formiranje 21. brdske SS-divizije "Skenderbeg". General Beme u poseti diviziji na Kosovu. U centru Prizrena, na mostiću preko reke Bistrice, SS-oberfirer August Šmidhuber (komandant divizije) poziva novopostavljenog komandanta 2. oklopne armije, generala brdskih jedinica Franca Bemea, da izvrši smotru počasne čete. (U pozadini, desno, vidi se čuvena Sinan-pašina džamija iz XVII veka, i pravoslavni saborni hram Sv. Đorđa.)

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 5. jul 1944.
Mesto: Prizren, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "General brdskih jedinica Beme, komandant 2. oklopne armije, i štandartenfirer Šmidhuber, komandant SS-divizije 'Skenderbeg'."

Izvor fajla: Ian Sayer Archive.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

0161 | Photo | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Operation "Black". Motorcyclists of the SS Division "Prinz Eugen" zigzagging through the karst regions of Montenegro; in the foreground is a BMW R 12 with sidecar, from which one of the soldiers leads the column with a traffic wand.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: May 1943.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Robert Michulec, "Waffen-SS at War" II (p. 13).

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Operacija "Crno". Motociklisti SS-divizije "Princ Eugen" krivudaju po kršnim predelima Crne Gore; u prvom planu je BMW R 12 sa prikolicom, iz koje jedan od vojnika kolonu navodi pomoću saobraćajne palice.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: maj 1943.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Robert Michulec, "Waffen-SS at War" II (str. 13).

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.

08 May 2016

0160 | Photo | Narodnooslobodilačka vojska Jugoslavije



Partisan attack on Nevesinje. A good illustration of the political, civil and world war in Yugoslavia 1941–1945: Yugoslav Partisans (members of the XXIX Herzegovinian Division) examine a captured car (Wanderer W 23 S) of the German-Croatian "Devil's Division" (369th Infantry Division), with German licence plates, Croatian coat of arms and the devil's image (divisional mascot), in front of one of their US-made tanks (M3A3 Stuart), with Soviet insignia, in the vicinity of Nevesinje. In the background, the people of Herzegovina help moving the corpses.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: February 1945.
Location: unknown (Nevesinje), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 12199.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Partizanski napad na Nevesinje. Dobra ilustracija političkog, građanskog i svetskog rata u Jugoslaviji 1941–1945: jugoslovenski partizani (pripadnici XXIX hercegovačke divizije) pregledaju zaplenjeni automobil (Wanderer W 23 S) nemačko-hrvatske "Vražje divizije" (369. pešadijska divizija), sa nemačkim tablicama, hrvatskim grbom i likom đavola (maskote divizije), ispred jednog od svojih tenkova američke proizvodnje (M3A3 Stuart), sa sovjetskim oznakama, u okolini Nevesinja. U pozadini, narod Hercegovine pomaže u sklanjanju leševa.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: februar 1945.
Mesto: nepoznato (Nevesinje), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 12199.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.