17 October 2016

0192 | Photo | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Operation "Black". Two grim faces from Transylvania: founders of the SS Division "Prinz Eugen", SS-Gruppenführer Artur Phleps (on the right), and his right-hand man and deputy, SS-Standartenführer Stefan Hedrich – both Transylvanian Germans and former officers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Romania (an interesting fact is that, in the 1930s, Phleps was also a military adviser to the Romanian King Carol II, whose sister was the Yugoslav Queen Maria – in whose country, a decade later, he was "restoring order" as an SS general, putting down the uprising and burning down the villages). The photograph was taken by Belgian SS volunteer and war correspondent Hugo Kemps in a tent at the division's headquarters in Gacko, during lunch on the occasion of the visit of General Lüters (the leader of the operation). At this point, Phleps has already been appointed commander of the newly-formed V SS Mountain Corps (his successor as commander of the "Prinz Eugen" Division, SS-Brigadeführer von Oberkamp, is ​sitting at the same table, on the opposite side); old Hedrich, who has just returned from a six-week treatment in Slovakia (after Operation "White", and the difficult winter conditions, he was barely able to walk), has also been transferred, and appointed inspector of mountain troops of the Waffen-SS. Unlike Phleps, who would be killed by Soviet soldiers the following year, tough Hedrich would live many more years, and die a month and a half before his 95th birthday. Sitting on the far left (shifted so that he would not ruin the shot) is the third of the division's highest-ranking officers and its chief medical officer, SS-Oberführer Dr Kurt-Peter Müller (who has also been transferred to the new corps). The doctor would outlive both his comrades and die just a month before his 99th birthday. On their left sleeves, all three are wearing the rarely seen circular insignia of the "Prinz Eugen" Division.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Hugo Kemps.
Date: 7 June 1943.
Location: Gacko, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: National Archives, RG 242-JRP / The SS-Kriegsberichter Archive, KB Kemps 098.

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Operacija "Crno". Dva mračna lica iz Transilvanije: osnivači SS-divizije "Princ Eugen", SS-grupenfirer Artur Fleps (desno), i njegova desna ruka i zamenik, SS-štandartenfirer Štefan Hedrih – obojica transilvanijski Nemci i bivši oficiri Austrougarske monarhije i Kraljevine Rumunije (zanimljiv podatak je taj da je Fleps 1930-ih godina bio i vojni savetnik rumunskog kralja Karola II, čija je rođena sestra bila jugosloveska kraljica Marija – po čijoj je zemlji deceniju kasnije "zavodio red" kao SS-general, gaseći ustanak i paleći naselja). Fotografiju je snimio belgijski SS-dobrovoljac i ratni dopisnik Hugo Kemps pod šatorom u štabu divizije u Gackom, za vreme ručka povodom posete generala Litersa (vođe operacije). U ovom trenutku Fleps je već postavljen za komandanta novoformiranog V brdskog SS-korpusa (njegov naslednik na mestu komandanta "Princ Eugen" divizije, SS-brigadefirer fon Oberkamp, sedi za istim stolom, na suprotnoj strani); stari Hedrih, koji se upravo vratio sa šestonedeljnog lečenja u Slovačkoj (posle operacije "Belo", i teških zimskih uslova, jedva je bio u stanju da hoda), takođe je prekomandovan, i postavljen za inspektora brdskih jedinica SS-trupa. Za razliku od Flepsa, koga će naredne godine ubiti sovjetski vojnici, žilavi Hedrih će još dugo poživeti, i umreti mesec i po dana pred svoj 95. rođendan. Sasvim levo (izmaknut da ne bi kvario kadar) sedi i treći od najviših oficira divizije i njen glavni lekar, SS-oberfirer dr Kurt-Peter Miler (koji je takođe prekomandovan u novi korpus). Doktor će nadživeti obojicu saboraca i umreti samo mesec dana pred svoj 99. rođendan. Na levim rukavima, sva trojica nose retko viđenu kružnu oznaku "Princ Eugen" divizije.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Hugo Kemps.
Datum: 7. jun 1943.
Mesto: Gacko, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: National Archives, RG 242-JRP / The SS-Kriegsberichter Archive, KB Kemps 098.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.