26 October 2018

0376 | Photo | SS-Fallschirmjäger-Bataillon 500



Operation "Knight's Move". Members of the 500th SS Parachute Battalion jump out of "Aunt Jus" (Ju 52 aircrafts) of the 4th Transport Wing over Drvar (in the foreground: a DFS 230 glider of the 1st Airborne Wing). This famous German operation was named, very symbolically, after the knight's move in chess (Rösselsprung), the only move in the game that allows jumping over other pieces and into the desired square – just like the paratroopers jumped into the town of Drvar. (In the Yugoslav historiography, however, a wrong, literal translation of the operation's name was accepted and used for decades: "konjićev skok", meaning "little horse's jump". Namely, the German compound "Rösselsprung" consists of words that, depending on the context, may be translated as "little horse" [Rössel] and "jump" [Sprung], but the compound itself, which is a chess term, is translated as "knight's move" or, possibly, "horse's move".) Pictured is the second wave of paratroopers, who landed near the cemetery around noon, and were met by Partisan fire while in the air, suffering heavy casualties. Among others, the deputy battalion commander, SS-Hauptsturmführer Obermaier, was also killed during the jump.

Text: Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Karnath.
Date: 25 May 1944.
Location: Drvar (Bosanski Petrovac), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "Airborne troops and paratroopers smash Tito's headquarters. The jump into the battle. From transport planes, the German paratroopers dive into the valley, where Josip Broz hides his 'bodyguard'."

File source: NIOD / Beeldbank WO2, 20757.

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Operacija "Potez skakačem". Pripadnici 500. padobranskog SS-bataljona iskaču iz "tetaka Ju" (aviona Ju 52) 4. transportnog puka nad Drvarom (u prvom planu: jedrilica DFS 230 iz 1. vazdušno-desantnog puka). Ova čuvena nemačka operacija nazvana je, veoma simbolično, po šahovskom potezu skakačem (Rösselsprung), jedinom potezu u igri kojim se preskaču ostale figure i uskače u željeno polje – baš kao što su i padobranci uskakali u grad Drvar. (U jugoslovenskoj istoriografiji je, međutim, usvojen i decenijama korišćen pogrešan, bukvalan prevod naziva operacije: "konjićev skok". Naime, nemačka složenica "reselšprung" [Rösselsprung] sastoji se iz reči koje se, u zavisnosti od konteksta, prevode i kao "konjić" [Rössel] i "skok" [Sprung], ali sama složenica, koja je šahovski pojam, prevodi se kao "potez skakačem", ili, eventualno, "potez konjem".) Na slici je prikazan drugi talas padobranaca, koji je oko podneva spušten u blizini groblja, i još u vazduhu bio dočekan partizanskim rafalima, pretrpevši osetne gubitke. Između ostalih, prilikom skoka je poginuo i zamenik komandanta bataljona, SS-hauptšturmfirer Obermajer.

Tekst: Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Karnat.
Datum: 25. maj 1944.
Mesto: Drvar (Bosanski Petrovac), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Vazdušno-desantne jedinice i padobranci razbijaju Titov štab. Skok u borbu. Iz transportnih aviona obrušavaju se nemački padobranci u dolinu, u kojoj Josip Broz krije svoju 'telesnu gardu'."

Izvor fajla: NIOD / Beeldbank WO2, 20757.

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