14 February 2016

0135 | Photo | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Soldiers of the SS Division "Prinz Eugen" singing on a break during mountaineering training. According to the original photo caption, what they are singing is "Edelweiss" – a pre-war love song which was particularly popular among mountain troopers, since the same flower also served as the insignia of their troops. The shot was made by war correspondent Fink, who only a few weeks earlier witnessed the first action of this unit and the horrible crimes committed against civilians in the village of Kriva Reka – which he reported to the commander of the responsible regiment, SS-Obersturmbannführer Schmidhuber. At the (post-war) trial, Schmidhuber said the following about this event (a quotation from the book "Gallows for Generals" by Jovo Popović): "That was reported to me later by war correspondent Fink. I reacted strongly and issued a strict order. An investigation was carried out, and then I wrote an order which contained, roughly, the following: 'To shoot women and children, to loot – these are your only heroisms, unworthy of a soldier. Start acting like soldiers already!' I am confident that the 14th SS Regiment behaved more military-like after this order."

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Eugen Fink.
Date: November 1942.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "SS mountain troopers among the rocks. Everything went well. A German mountain song rings out. What else could it be other than... 'It Was an Edelweiss'."

File source: NIOD / Beeldbank WO2, 623.

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Raspevani vojnici SS-divizije "Princ Eugen" na pauzi tokom obuke iz planinarenja. Prema originalnom natpisu fotografije, ono što pevaju je "Runolist" – predratna ljubavna pesma koja je bila posebno popularna među brdskim lovcima, jer je isti cvet služio i kao oznaka njihovih jedinica. Snimak je napravio ratni dopisnik Fink, koji je samo par nedelja ranije bio svedok prve akcije ove jedinice i strašnih zločina počinjenih nad civilima u selu Kriva Reka – što je i prijavio komandantu odgovornog puka, SS-oberšturmbanfireru Šmidhuberu. Na (posleratnom) suđenju, Šmidhuber je o ovom događaju izjavio sledeće (citat iz knjige "Vješala za generale" Jova Popovića): "To mi je naknadno javio ratni dopisnik Fink. Oštro sam reagovao i izdao strogo naređenje. Sprovedena je istraga, a zatim sam napisao naređenje u kojem je otprilike bilo ovo: 'Pucati na žene i decu, krasti – to su vaša dosadašnja junaštva, nedostojna vojnika. Postanite, napokon, vojnici!' Uveren sam da se 14. SS-puk posle ovog naređenja ponašao više vojnički."

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Eugen Fink.
Datum: novembar 1942.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Brdski lovci SS-a među stenama. Sve je prošlo dobro. Odjekuje nemačka planinska pesma. A šta drugo nego... 'Bio je to runolist'."

Izvor fajla: NIOD / Beeldbank WO2, 623.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.