18 February 2016

0137 | Video | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



In Montenegro. A film report on the SS Division "Prinz Eugen" and Operation "Black"; officially, it was filmed in Montenegro, in May 1943 (but some of the last year's footage from Serbia was used as well), and it was released at the end of the following month, in the German Weekly Review No 669. The cameraman was Josef Schifko (a German from Maribor), member of the division's War Correspondent Platoon, and the text was spoken, as usual, by the Berlin narrator and actor Harry Giese (born in Magdeburg). Used as the soundtrack was the theme from the movie "Tanks Attack!", at the beginning (because of its dramatic melody, but it was not related to the division itself), and a currently unidentified march, at the end. The report ends with footage of captured Partisans, which were described as bandits that "terrorised the population for months", and then were shown the civilians, presenting an SS man with eggs (affectedly waving the little flags supplied by the Germans), with narrator's comment: "The population thanks their liberators!" The last scenes show the farmers, with the comment: "The farmer can work his land in peace again!" In reality, the division was known for atrocities against civilians since its first action, about which even the cameraman of this very reportage had testified (in writing). During Operation "Black", in Montenegro, in Nikšić and Šavnik districts alone, 17 villages were burnt down and a number of civilians were killed, including the elderly, women and children.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Cameraman: Josef Schifko.
Date: October 1942 – May 1943.
Location: unknown, Yugoslavia.
Original text: "In Montenegro. As the Armed Forces Report announced, German and allied troops destroyed heavily armed gangs here, after weekslong difficult fighting. A scout sends a message. There lies the hideout of the bandits. The attack order is passed on. Trucks bring units of the Waffen-SS to the starting positions for the ordered cleansing operation. Mortars and artillery smash the pockets of resistance of the bandits. Under fire, shock troops advance over the rugged mountains, overcoming difficult climbs. Machine guns scatter the terrain. A cavalry detachment hits the foe in the flank. The combined fire of our heavy weapons destroys the last firm strongholds of the bandits. Light signals announce the end of fighting. These are the ringleaders of the gang. They terrorised the population for months and jeopardised the supplying of our troops. Now they will be brought to justice. The population thanks their liberators. The farmer can work his land in peace again."

File source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum / Bundesarchiv.
Number: 2563 / K 20349.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



U Crnoj Gori. Filmska reportaža o SS-diviziji "Princ Eugen" i operaciji "Crno"; zvanično, snimana je u Crnoj Gori, u maju 1943. godine (ali je upotrebljeno i nekoliko prošlogodišnjih kadrova iz Srbije), a objavljena je krajem narednog meseca, u Nemačkom nedeljnom pregledu br. 669. Snimatelj je bio Jozef Šifko (Nemac iz Maribora), pripadnik ratno-dopisničkog voda divizije, a tekst izgovara, kao i inače, berlinski narator i glumac Hari Gize (rodom iz Magdeburga). Za muzičku podlogu upotrebljena je tema iz filma "Tenkovi napadaju!", na početku (zbog svoje dramatične melodije, ali povezanosti sa samom divizijom nema), i jedan trenutno neidentifikovani marš, na kraju. Prilog se završava snimcima zarobljenih partizana, koji su opisani kao banditi koji su "mesecima terorisali stanovništvo", a potom su prikazani civili koji esesovcu poklanjaju jaja (izveštačeno mašući zastavicama dobijenim od Nemaca), uz komentar naratora: "Stanovništvo zahvaljuje svojim oslobodiocima!" Poslednji kadrovi prikazuju zemljoradnike, uz komentar: "Seljak ponovo može na miru da obrađuje svoju njivu!" U stvarnosti, divizija je još od prve akcije bila poznata po zločinima nad civilima, o čemu je (pismeno) svedočanstvo ostavio čak i snimatelj ove reportaže. Za vreme operacije "Crno", u Crnoj Gori je samo u nikšićkom i šavničkom srezu spaljeno 17 sela i ubijen veći broj civila, uključujući starce, žene i decu.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Snimatelj: Jozef Šifko.
Datum: oktobar 1942 – maj 1943.
Mesto: nepoznato, Jugoslavija.
Originalni tekst: "U Crnoj Gori. Kao što je objavljeno u Izveštaju oružanih snaga, ovde su nakon višenedeljnih teških borbi nemačke i savezničke trupe uništile dobro naoružane bande. Izviđač šalje poruku. Tamo se nalazi skrovište bandita. Prosleđuje se naređenje za napad. Kamioni dovoze jedinice SS-oružja na polazne položaje za zapoveđenu akciju čišćenja. Minobacači i artiljerija razbijaju džepove otpora bandita. Pod vatrom, udarne jedinice napreduju preko trošnih planina, savlađujući teške uspone. Mitraljezi zasipaju teren. Jedan konjički odred udara protivnika u bok. Kombinovana vatra našeg teškog naoružanja uništava poslednja čvrsta uporišta bandita. Svetlosni signali označavaju kraj borbe. Ovo su kolovođe bande. Oni su mesecima terorisali stanovništvo i ugrožavali snabdevanje naših trupa. Sada će biti izvedeni pred lice pravde. Stanovništvo zahvaljuje svojim oslobodiocima. Seljak ponovo može na miru da obrađuje svoju njivu."

Izvor fajla: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum / Bundesarchiv.
Broj: 2563 / K 20349.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.