15 August 2016

0185 | Music | Himna Kraljevine Jugoslavije




An extremely rare recording of the National Anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia performed by a German military band (this is the first publication of the recording after 77 years, and its internet-premiere). It was made for the occasion of the upcoming visit of Prince Paul of Yugoslavia to Berlin (1–5 June 1939), for whom there was a great military parade also organised, on the same occasion – the last of its kind in the pre-war Third Reich. The National Anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia dates back to the time of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (from 1929: Kingdom of Yugoslavia), and it was composed of national anthems of its three nations (tribes): Serbian "God of Justice" (at the beginning and at the end), Croatian "Our Beautiful Homeland" and Slovenian "Forward, Flag of Glory". The enclosed text file is also unknown to the general public today; it was published at the beginning of 1938 in the most luxurious magazine of the Third Reich, called "Joy and Labour", with Miloš Crnjanski's (then Yugoslav press attaché in Berlin) text about the Yugoslav royal family, in a series of articles dedicated to the rapprochement of the two countries. In the enclosed sound file, the anthem is performed by a band of an air district signal regiment, led by Second Lieutenant Karl Rojahn; it was recorded in Stuttgart for the Greater German Radio [Großdeutscher Rundfunk], ten days before the arrival of Prince Paul in Germany and slightly over three months before the outbreak of World War II. Two years later, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia will be bombed, occupied, torn apart and erased from the map of the world. From then until the end of the war, for radio and commercial purposes, German soldiers will record only one of the anthems of the three tribes of Yugoslavia: "Our Beautiful Homeland".

Text © Ivan Ž.

Song title: National Anthem of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Composer: Davorin Jenko – Josif Runjanin – Davorin Jenko.
Lyricist: Jovan Đorđević – Antun Mihanović – Simon Jenko.
Date: 1872 – 1846 – 1860.
Lyrics: 1) God of justice, You who saved us from damnation till this day, hear our voices and be our saviour from now on, as before! 2) Our beautiful homeland, oh, dear heroic country, ancient land of glory, may you be forever fortunate! 3) Forward, flag of glory, to battle, heroic blood, for the prosperity of the fatherland, let the rifle speak! 4) God, save, God, protect, our King and our nation, God, protect King Peter, our entire nation prays to You!

Performer: band of an air district signal regiment, led by Second Lieutenant Karl Rojahn.
Date: 22 May 1939.
Location: Stuttgart, Germany.

File source: a) "Freude und Arbeit" 2/1938 (p. 23); b) HRP Archive.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.

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Izuzetno redak snimak himne Kraljevine Jugoslavije u izvedbi jednog nemačkog vojnog orkestra (ovo je prvo objavljivanje snimka posle 77 godina, i njegova internet-premijera). Napravljen je povodom nastupajuće posete kneza Pavla Karađorđevića Berlinu (1–5. juna 1939. godine), za koga je tom prilikom priređena i velika vojna parada – poslednja te veličine u predratnom Trećem Rajhu. Himna Kraljevine Jugoslavije potiče iz vremena Kraljevine Srba, Hrvata i Slovenaca (od 1929. godine: Kraljevina Jugoslavija), a sastojala se od himni njena tri naroda (plemena): srpske "Bože pravde" (na početku i na kraju), hrvatske "Lijepa naša domovino" i slovenačke "Naprej, zastava slave". Priloženi tekstualni zapis je takođe danas široj javnosti nepoznat; objavljen je početkom 1938. godine u najluksuznijem časopisu Trećeg Rajha, zvanom "Radost i rad", uz tekst Miloša Crnjanskog (tada jugoslovenskog atašea za štampu u Berlinu) o dinastiji Karađorđevića, u nizu članaka posvećenih zbližavanju dvaju zemalja. Na priloženom zvučnom zapisu, himnu izvodi orkestar jednog vazdušno-oblasnog puka veze, pod upravom potporučnika Karla Rojana; snimljen je u Štutgartu za Velikonemački radio [Großdeutscher Rundfunk], deset dana pred dolazak kneza Pavla u Nemačku i nešto više od tri meseca pred izbijanje II svetskog rata. Dve godine kasnije, Kraljevina Jugoslavija će biti bombardovana, okupirana, rasparčana i obrisana sa karte sveta. Od tada pa do kraja rata, za potrebe radija i u komercijalne svrhe, nemačka vojska će snimati samo jednu od himni tri plemena Jugoslavije: "Lijepa naša domovino".

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Naziv pesme: Himna Kraljevine Jugoslavije.
Kompozitor: Davorin Jenko – Josif Runjanin – Davorin Jenko.
Tekstopisac: Jovan Đorđević – Antun Mihanović – Simon Jenko.
Datum: 1872 – 1846 – 1860.
Reči: 1) Bože pravde, Ti što spase od propasti do sad nas, čuj i od sad naše glase i od sad nam budi spas! 2) Lijepa naša domovino, oj, junačka zemljo mila, stare slave djedovino, da bi vazda sretna bila! 3) Naprej, zastava slave, na boj, junaška kri, za blagor očetnjave naj puška govori! 4) Bože, spasi, Bože, hrani našeg Kralja i naš rod, Kralja Petra, Bože, hrani, moli Ti se sav naš rod!

Izvođač: orkestar jednog vazdušno-oblasnog puka veze, pod upravom potporučnika Karla Rojana.
Datum: 22. maj 1939.
Mesto: Štutgart, Nemačka.

Izvor fajla: a) "Freude und Arbeit" 2/1938 (str. 23); b) HRP Archive.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.