03 April 2017

0214 | Photo | SS-Freiwilligen-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Operation "Black". Members of the III Battalion, 2nd Regiment, SS Division "Prinz Eugen", interrogate a captured Chetnik (a member of the Trebinje Corps) in Stolac. With the help of an interpreter (far right), the prisoner is being personally interrogated by the battalion commander, SS-Hauptsturmführer Otto Meckelburg (second from the left). This operation, whose overall objective was the destruction of all armed formations that did not belong to the regular German, Italian or Croatian armed forces, and whose primary objective was the destruction of headquarters of Army General Dragoljub Mihailović, was presented in the post-war Yugoslav historiography in a shortened (censored) version, which excluded any clashes between Axis forces and formations that did not belong to the Partisan movement. In the original German reports, on the other hand, apart from the generally poor Chetnik resistance and the strong Italian opposition to their disarmament (which were mentioned in Yugoslav historiography), there are also reports on the fighting between the Germans and the Chetniks, Partisans and Chetniks, Partisans against united Chetniks and Germans, Germans against united Chetniks and Partisans, Chetniks and Croats against the Partisans, and the fighting between the Italians and the Chetniks (there are also photographs that show Germans disarming members of a Muslim militia, and a report that mentions Germans and Muslim militia fighting united against the Chetniks). The Axis forces, however, did indeed fight their main battles against the Partisans, who also suffered the heaviest losses during the operation.

Text © Ivan Ž. 

Photographer: Kollik.
Date: 15 May 1943.
Location: Stolac, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: National Archives, 242-JRP-89-1-21A.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Operacija "Crno". Pripadnici III bataljona 2. puka SS-divizije "Princ Eugen" ispituju zarobljenog četnika (pripadnika Trebinjskog korpusa) u Stocu. Uz pomoć prevodioca (sasvim desno), zarobljenika saslušava lično komandant bataljona, SS-hauptšturmfirer Oto Mekelburg (drugi sleva). Ova operacija, čiji je opšti cilj bio uništenje svih oružanih formacija koje ne pripadaju regularnim nemačkim, italijanskim ili hrvatskim oružanim snagama, a primarni cilj uništenje štaba armijskog generala Dragoljuba Mihailovića, u posleratnoj jugoslovenskoj istoriografiji predstavljena je u skraćenoj (cenzurisanoj) verziji, koja je isključivala bilo kakve okršaje između osovinskih snaga i formacija koje nisu pripadale partizanskom pokretu. U originalnim nemačkim izveštajima, s druge strane, osim većinom slabog otpora četnika i snažnog protivljenja Italijana njihovom razoružavanju (koji se pominju i u jugoslovenskoj istoriografiji), navode se i borbe između Nemaca i četnika, partizana i četnika, partizana protiv udruženih četnika i Nemaca, Nemaca protiv udruženih četnika i partizana, četnika i Hrvata protiv partizana, i borbe između Italijana i četnika (postoje i fotografije koje prikazuju razoružavanje pripadnika muslimanske milicije od strane Nemaca, i izveštaj u kojem se pominju borbe udruženih Nemaca i muslimanske milicije protiv četnika). Glavne borbe, međutim, osovinske snage jesu zaista vodile protiv partizana, koji su i pretrpeli najteže gubitke u ovoj operaciji.

Tekst © Ivan Ž. 

Fotograf: Kolik.
Datum: 15. maj 1943.
Mesto: Stolac, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: National Archives, 242-JRP-89-1-21A.

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