11 April 2017

0217 | Photo | 7. SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division "Prinz Eugen"



Since the Partisan Shock Group of Divisions (II and V divisions) failed to cross the Ibar at the end of March 1944, in early August of the same year, the Operational Group of Divisions (II, V and XVII) began forcing the river again, with the aim of deeper penetration into Serbia. The group headed towards the Ibar on 3 August, arranged in three columns. The middle column (II Proletarian Division) advanced with two of its brigades (III and IV) towards the Lešak–Leposavić section, which was defended by the incomplete 14th Regiment (minus III Battalion) and Engineer Battalion of the SS Division "Prinz Eugen". As ordered, the SS men crossed the river first and rushed to meet the far more numerous enemy, in an attempt to block them on their side. Especially fierce battles were fought at Crni Vrh (west of Leposavić), in a forest, between the I and II battalions of the IV Proletarian (Montenegrin) Brigade and the SS division's I battalion, 14th regiment. The Banat SS men charged the Montenegrin Partisans shouting "Communists, you'll never enter Serbia!" while a "Forward, proletarians!" resounded from the opposite side. After six hours of hard fighting and as many as ten rejected German assaults, the Montenegrins finally broke through, crossed the river and defeated the German defence. The following day, on his way to Leposavić, Partisan photographer Pavle Bojčević took this photo of a dead young man, a member of the "Prinz Eugen" Division. His corpse was robbed, pants and boots removed, and his SS collar tabs torn off, and thrown onto his chest.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Pavle Bojčević.
Date: 4 August 1944.
Location: unknown (Leposavić), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: "Operational Group of Divisions forcing the Ibar. In order to prevent us from crossing, the Germans transferred to our left bank during the night. After a strong clash with losses on both sides, the Germans were completely liquidated on our side of the river. Pictured, a dead German."

File source: Znaci / Muzej Jugoslavije, 4105.

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Pošto je pokušaj prelaska Ibra od strane partizanske Udarne grupe divizija (II i V divizija) krajem marta 1944. bio neuspešan, početkom avgusta iste godine Operativna grupa divizija (II, V i XVII) ponovo je preduzela forsiranje reke, s ciljem dubljeg prodora u Srbiju. Grupa se prema Ibru uputila 3. avgusta, raspoređena u tri kolone. Srednja kolona (II proleterska divizija) nastupala je dvema brigadama (III i IV) prema odseku Lešak–Leposavić, koji su branili nepotpuni 14. puk (bez III bataljona) i inžinjerijski bataljon SS-divizije "Princ Eugen". Po naređenju, esesovci su prvi prelazili reku i hitali u susret daleko mnogobrojnijem protivniku, pokušavajući da ga blokiraju na njegovoj strani. Posebno žestoke borbe vođene su kod Crnog vrha (zapadno od Leposavića), u šumi, između I i II bataljona IV proleterske (crnogorske) brigade i I bataljona 14. puka SS-divizije. Banatski esesovci kidisali su na crnogorske partizane uzvikujući "Komunisti, nećete u Srbiju!" dok je sa suprotne strane odzvanjalo "Napred, proleteri!" Posle šest sati mukotrpnih borbi i čak deset odbijenih nemačkih juriša, Crnogorci su se konačno probili, prešli reku i potukli nemačku odbranu. Narednog dana, na putu ka Leposaviću, partizanski fotograf Pavle Bojčević uslikao je ovog mrtvog mladića, pripadnika "Princ Eugen" divizije. Njegov leš je opljačkan, cokule i pantalone skinute, a esesovske oznake sa kragne otrgnute, i bačene na prsa.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Pavle Bojčević.
Datum: 4. avgust 1944.
Mesto: nepoznato (Leposavić), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: "Operativna grupa divizija vrši forsiranje Ibra. Da bi osujetili naš prelaz, Nemci su se u toku noći prebacili na našu levu obalu. Posle jačeg okršaja i obostranih gubitaka, Nemci su potpuno likvidirani na našoj strani reke. Na slici poginuli Nemac."

Izvor fajla: Znaci / Muzej Jugoslavije, 4105.

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