02 April 2017

0213 | Comparison | Propaganda



British vs German propaganda. Two remarkably similar photographs of two Yugoslavs, taken in the space of just a couple of months, for propaganda purposes of the warring world powers: a young Partisan girl (Vera Križman) standing beside a picture of her leader, Tito, in British uniform with the Soviet five-pointed star on a Partisan cap, at an Allied camp and during an Allied training – and a young Muslim standing beside a picture of his religious leader, al-Husseini, in German uniform with Nazi insignia on the traditional fez, in German barracks and during a German training. The British photo was published in the magazine "The War Illustrated", in March 1944, and the German was published in the "Cologne Illustrated Newspaper" (Kölnische Illustrierte Zeitung), in December 1943.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: a) unknown; b) Werner Mielke.
Date: a) 21 January 1944; b) November 1943.
Location: a) Gravina in Puglia (Bari), Italy; b) Neuhammer am Queis, Germany.
Original caption: a) "Yugoslav Partisan fighters recuperate and train at Allied rest camp in Italy. Twenty-year-old Yugoslav Partisan standing beside picture of her leader, General Tito. She is credited with having killed 20 Germans and is recovering from a wound received while engaged in guerilla war against Nazis in Yugoslavia." b) "With SS volunteers from Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem is the supreme religious leader of all Muslims. The young Bosnians decorate a room in the barracks with a portrait of the Grand Mufti."

File source: a) IMS Vintage Photos, 519907; b) Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe, 2-16103.

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Britanska i nemačka propaganda. Dve izuzetno slične fotografije dvoje Jugoslovena, snimljene u razmaku od samo par meseci, za propagandne potrebe zaraćenih svetskih sila: mlada partizanka (Vera Križman) koja stoji pored slike svog vođe, Tita, u britanskoj uniformi sa sovjetskom petokrakom na partizanskoj kapi, u savezničkom logoru i na savezničkoj obuci – i mladi musliman koji stoji pored slike svog verskog poglavara, el Huseinija, u nemačkoj uniformi sa nacističkim oznakama na tradicionalnom fesu, u nemačkoj kasarni i na nemačkoj obuci. Britanska fotografija je objavljena u časopisu "Ilustrovani rat" (The War Illustrated), marta 1944. godine, a nemačka je objavljena u "Kelnskim ilustrovanim novinama" (Kölnische Illustrierte Zeitung), decembra 1943.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: a) nepoznat; b) Verner Milke.
Datum: a) 21. januar 1944; b) novembar 1943.
Mesto: a) Gravina (Bari), Italija; b) Nojhamer na Kvisi, Nemačka.
Originalni natpis: a) "Jugoslovenski partizani na oporavku i obuci u savezničkom logoru za odmor u Italiji. Dvadesetogodišnja jugoslovenska partizanka stoji pored slike njenog vođe, generala Tita. Ona je zaslužna za smrt 20 Nemaca i oporavlja se od rane zadobijene u gerilskom ratu protiv nacista u Jugoslaviji." b) "Kod SS-dobrovoljaca iz Bosne i Hercegovine. Veliki muftija jerusalimski je vrhovni verski poglavar svih muslimana. Mladi Bosanci ukrašavaju sobu u kasarni portretom velikog muftije."

Izvor fajla: a) IMS Vintage Photos, 519907; b) Narodowe Archiwum Cyfrowe, 2-16103.

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