14 September 2015

0059 | Bio | Karl-Gustav Sauberzweig



Karl-Gustav Sauberzweig, commander of the 13th SS Mountain Division "Handschar" and the IX SS Mountain Corps. Today, Sauberzweig is known mostly as an SS officer only, even though he spent the biggest part of his career in the Army (Heer) actually. He was soldier since the age of 17 and due to war wounds lost the sight in his right eye. He came into the "Handschar" Division from the Inspectorate of Army Training and Education (where he served as chief of staff) in August 1943, after he was transferred to the Waffen-SS. In June 1944, he was appointed commander of the newly-formed IX SS Mountain Corps, which he led until November of the same year. Because of his (mostly mental) health problems, and the falling out with Reichsführer-SS Himmler, he was transferred back to the Army in January 1945. At the very end of the war, as a corps commander within Army Group H, the exhausted Sauberzweig gave up fighting, opening the road to the advancing Allied troops. He committed suicide in captivity, in order to escape the extradition to Yugoslavia and trial for war crimes (he was accused, inter alia, of mass murder, plundering, rape and torture). His Bosnian (Muslim) soldiers respected him as he did them: he acted fatherly and often called them "children". His attitude towards the Croatian (Catholic) members was different and he considered them the main cause of desertions. The enclosed photographs show him as chief of staff of the XI Army Corps in Belgium in 1940 – and as commander of the 13th SS Division, three years later, during the training in Germany.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Name: Karl-Gustav Sauberzweig.
Nationality: German.
Rank: lieutenant general; SS-Gruppenführer.
Date of birth: 1 September 1899.
Place of birth: Wissek, Germany.
Date of death: 20 October 1946.
Place of death: Neuengamme, Germany.
Cause of death: suicide.
Note: declared a war criminal by the Yugoslav State Commission and the United Nations Commission.

Photographer: a) unknown; b) Werner Mielke.
Date: a) May 1940; b) November 1943.
Location: a) Nederbrakel, Belgium; b) Neuhammer am Queis, Germany.

File source: a) Axis History Forum / 323F; b) National Archives, RG 242-JRP.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Karl-Gustav Zaubercvajg, komandant 13. brdske SS-divizije "Handžar" i IX brdskog SS-korpusa. Danas je Zaubercvajg poznat uglavnom samo kao SS-oficir, iako je najveći deo karijere zapravo proveo u vojsci (Heer). Bio je vojnik od svoje 17. godine, a zbog ratnih povreda je izgubio vid u desnom oku. U "Handžar" diviziju je došao iz Inspektorata za obuku i obrazovanje vojske (gde je služio kao načelnik štaba) u avgustu 1943, nakon što je prebačen u SS-trupe. U junu 1944. je postavljen za komandanta novoformiranog IX brdskog SS-korpusa, koji je vodio do novembra iste godine. Zbog (pre svega psihičkih) zdravstvenih problema, i razilaženja sa rajhsfirerom SS-a Himlerom, vraćen je u vojsku januara 1945. Na samom kraju rata, kao komandant korpusa pri Vojnoj grupi H, iscrpljeni Zaubercvajg je odustao od borbi, otvorivši put nadirućim savezničkim trupama. Izvršio je samoubistvo u zarobljeništvu, ne bi li izbegao izručenje Jugoslaviji i suđenje za ratne zločine (između ostalog, bio je optužen za masovni pokolj, pljačke, silovanja i mučenja). Njegovi bosanski (muslimanski) vojnici su ga cenili, kao i on njih: ponašao se očinski i često ih je zvao "deco". Prema hrvatskim (katoličkim) pripadnicima, njegov stav je bio drugačiji, i smatrao ih je glavnim krivcima za dezertiranja. Priložene fotografije ga prikazuju kao načelnika štaba XI armijskog korpusa u Belgiji 1940. godine – i kao komandanta 13. SS-divizije, tri godine kasnije, za vreme obuke u Nemačkoj.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Ime i prezime: Karl-Gustav Zaubercvajg.
Narodnost: Nemac.
Čin: general-lajtnant; SS-grupenfirer.
Datum rođenja: 1. septembar 1899.
Mesto rođenja: Visek, Nemačka.
Datum smrti: 20. oktobar 1946.
Mesto smrti: Nojengame, Nemačka.
Uzrok smrti: samoubistvo.
Napomena: proglašen za ratnog zločinca od strane Državne komisije Jugoslavije i Komisije Ujedinjenih nacija.

Fotograf: a) nepoznat; b) Verner Milke.
Datum: a) maj 1940; b) novembar 1943.
Mesto: a) Nederbrakel, Belgija; b) Nojhamer na Kvisi, Nemačka.

Izvor fajla: a) Axis History Forum / 323F; b) National Archives, RG 242-JRP.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.