21 September 2015

0061 | Photo | Einsatzgruppe Jugoslawien



Arrest of Patriarch Gavrilo. On the early morning of 25 April 1941, at the Ostrog monastery, Serbian Patriarch Dr Gavrilo Dožić was arrested, as a war criminal and the main culprit for the entry of Yugoslavia into the war against Germany (that is, for provoking the demonstrations and coup on 27 March, together with bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church). The arrest was carried out by Special Detachment Hintze (Secret Police), with the assistance of members of the Army. After shouting, bullying, humiliation and mockery, they forced the patriarch (to further humiliate him) to travel to the trial on the floor of the vehicle (the trip lasted a day and a half). According to him, the Germans were "heavily drinking during the entire trip, making a terrible mess with German songs". On this occasion, the monastery had been significantly plundered too, and everything was followed by the media as well: the plundering was described in the report as a treasure hunt, and Patriarch Gavrilo as a criminal, British servant, a drunk and a fan of black music (forbidden in Germany at that time). As the leading authority in Serbia and most of Yugoslavia (in the absence of the king), and thus a person very dangerous for German interests (and in the case of a change of his anti-German attitude, very useful), the patriarch remained in captivity nearly until the very end of the war (more precisely, under house arrest, so that he could not be regarded as a martyr). He was also the only church leader who spent World War II as a prisoner. After the war, Patriarch Gavrilo was almost completely erased from the pages of history – and the merits of the Serbian Orthodox Church for provoking the coup on 27 March 1941 were taken over by the Communist Party. The picture shows (from the left): Archimandrite and abbot of Ostrog Leontije Mitrović (arrested as well), Serbian Patriarch Gavrilo, and the chief of the police unit, SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Hintze (with his back turned), with two SS NCOs.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 25 April 1941.
Location: Ostrog (Danilovgrad), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Yad Vashem / Lester Hajenina.
Number: FA159/A150.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



Hapšenje patrijarha Gavrila. U rano jutro 25. aprila 1941. godine, u manastiru Ostrogu, uhapšen je Patrijarh srpski dr Gavrilo Dožić, kao ratni zločinac i glavni krivac za ulazak Jugoslavije u rat sa Nemačkom (odnosno zbog izazivanja demonstracija i puča 27. marta, zajedno sa episkopima Srpske Pravoslavne Crkve). Hapšenje je izvršio Specijalni odred Hince (tajna policija), uz pomoć pripadnika vojske. Nakon vikanja, nasilničkog ponašanja, ponižavanja i podsmevanja, patrijarha su primorali (da bi ga dodatno ponizili) na suđenje da putuje na podu vozila (putovanje je trajalo dan i po). Prema njegovim rečima, Nemci su "celoga puta pili mnogo, praveći užasne ludorije sa nemačkim pesmama". Ovom prilikom je i manastir propisno opljačkan, a sve je propraćeno i medijski: pljačka je u reportaži predstavljena kao lov na blago, a patrijarh Gavrilo kao zločinac, sluga Britanaca, pijanac i ljubitelj crnačke muzike (u Nemačkoj tada zabranjene). Kao glavni autoritet u Srbiji i većem delu Jugoslavije (u odsustvu kralja), a samim tim i ličnost veoma opasna po nemačke interese (a u slučaju promene svog anti-nemačkog stava, veoma korisna), patrijarh je ostao u zarobljeništvu gotovo do samog kraja rata (tačnije, kućnom pritvoru, da ne bi bio smatran mučenikom). On je i jedini crkveni poglavar koji je II svetski rat proveo kao zatvorenik. Posle rata, patrijarh Gavrilo je skoro potpuno obrisan sa stranica istorije – a zasluge Srpske Pravoslavne Crkve za izazivanje puča 27. marta 1941. godine sebi je pripisala Komunistička partija. Na slici se vide (sleva): arhimandrit i iguman ostroški Leontije Mitrović (takođe uhapšen), Patrijarh srpski Gavrilo, i šef policijske jedinice, SS-šturmbanfirer Karl Hince (okrenut leđima), sa dva SS-podoficira.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 25. april 1941.
Mesto: Ostrog (Danilovgrad), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Yad Vashem / Lester Hajenina.
Broj: FA159/A150.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.