21 September 2015

0061 | Photo | Einsatzgruppe Jugoslawien



Arrest of Patriarch Gavrilo. On the early morning of 25 April 1941, at the Ostrog monastery, Serbian Patriarch Dr Gavrilo Dožić was arrested – as a war criminal and the main culprit for the entry of Yugoslavia into the war against the Axis powers (that is, for provoking the demonstrations and coup on 27 March, together with bishops of the Serbian Orthodox Church). The arrest was carried out by Special Detachment Hintze (Gestapo), with the help of members of the Army. After harassing, humiliating and mocking, they forced the patriarch (to further humiliate him) to travel to his trial on the floor of the vehicle. According to his own words, the Germans were "heavily drinking during the entire trip, making a terrible mess with German songs". As the leading authority in Serbia and most of Yugoslavia (in the absence of the king), and thus a person very dangerous for German interests (and in the case of a change of his anti-German attitude, very useful), the patriarch remained in captivity nearly until the end of the war (more precisely, under house arrest, so that he could not be regarded as a martyr). He was also the only church leader who spent World War II as a prisoner. After the war, Patriarch Gavrilo was almost completely erased from the pages of history – and the merits of the Serbian Orthodox Church for provoking the coup on 27 March 1941 were taken over by the Communist Party. Pictured are (from left to right): Archimandrite and abbot of Ostrog Leontije Mitrović (arrested as well), Serbian Patriarch Gavrilo, SS-Sturmbannführer Karl Hintze (chief of the Gestapo unit, with his back turned) and two unknown SS NCOs.

Text: Ivan Ž.

Photographer: unknown.
Date: 25 April 1941.
Location: Ostrog (Danilovgrad), Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Yad Vashem, FA159/A150.

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Hapšenje patrijarha Gavrila. U rano jutro 25. aprila 1941. godine, u manastiru Ostrogu, uhapšen je patrijarh srpski dr Gavrilo Dožić – kao ratni zločinac i glavni krivac za ulazak Jugoslavije u rat protiv sila Osovine (odnosno zbog izazivanja demonstracija i puča 27. marta, zajedno sa episkopima Srpske Pravoslavne Crkve). Hapšenje je izvršio Specijalni odred Hince (Gestapo), uz pomoć pripadnika kopnene vojske. Nakon maltretiranja, ponižavanja i podsmevanja, patrijarha su primorali (da bi ga dodatno ponizili) na suđenje da putuje na podu vozila. Prema njegovim rečima, Nemci su "celoga puta pili mnogo, praveći užasne ludorije sa nemačkim pesmama". Kao glavni autoritet u Srbiji i većem delu Jugoslavije (u odsustvu kralja), a samim tim i ličnost veoma opasna po nemačke interese (a u slučaju promene svog anti-nemačkog stava, veoma korisna), patrijarh je u zarobljeništvu ostao gotovo do samog kraja rata (tačnije, u kućnom pritvoru, da ne bi bio smatran mučenikom). On je i jedini crkveni poglavar koji je II svetski rat proveo kao zatvorenik. Posle rata, patrijarh Gavrilo je skoro potpuno obrisan sa stranica istorije – a zasluge Srpske Pravoslavne Crkve za izazivanje puča od 27. marta 1941. godine preuzela je KPJ. Na slici se vide (sleva nadesno): arhimandrit i iguman ostroški Leontije Mitrović (takođe uhapšen), patrijarh srpski Gavrilo, SS-šturmbanfirer Karl Hince (šef gestapovske jedinice, okrenut leđima) i dvojica nepoznatih SS-podoficira.

Tekst: Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: nepoznat.
Datum: 25. april 1941.
Mesto: Ostrog (Danilovgrad), Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Yad Vashem, FA159/A150.

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