27 August 2015

0017 | Bio | August Schmidhuber



August Schmidhuber, commander of the 21st SS Mountain Division "Skanderbeg" and the 7th SS Mountain Division "Prinz Eugen". A Bavarian, soldier since the age of 18, he wasn't a National Socialist Party member (he was a member of the Bavarian People's Party), but was a member of the SA and the SS. Schmidhuber was one of the very first – and last officers of the "Prinz Eugen" Division. He came into the unit from the SS Division "Reich", in which he was a battalion commander in the "Germania", 11th Infantry and "Deutschland" regiments. He served in the "Prinz Eugen" Division since May 1942 as commander of the 2nd, that is, 14th Regiment, and from November 1943 until January 1944, he was a temporary divisional commander. In April 1944, Schmidhuber was appointed commander of the "Skanderbeg" Division (a unit remembered for great indiscipline and war crimes). In January 1945 he returned to his old division, "Prinz Eugen", and led it until its surrender in Slovenia, in May 1945. At the trial in Belgrade, in February 1947, he was accused of the most horrible crimes, committed from the very beginning until the end of his service in Yugoslavia. The prosecution nicknamed him the "bloodthirstiest officer of the 7th SS Division" (on the basis of an alleged statement by Dr Eugen Stumpf from 1944). Schmidhuber denied his responsibility for the crimes, occasionally passed the guilt to his former comrades, and even pointed out examples of him helping the civilian population. He was hanged on 27 February 1947. The enclosed photographs show him posing with the Croatian Order of the Crown of King Zvonimir 1st Class, as an SS-Standartenführer – and on trial, a couple of days before his death.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Name: August Schmidhuber.
Nationality: German.
Rank: SS-Brigadeführer.
Date of birth: 8 May 1901.
Place of birth: Augsburg, Germany.
Date of death: 27 February 1947.
Place of death: Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Cause of death: hanging.
SS number: 266450.
Note: declared a war criminal by the Yugoslav State Commission and the United Nations Commission.

Photographer: a) unknown; b) unknown.
Date: a) 1943/1944; b) February 1947.
Location: a) unknown, Yugoslavia; b) Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

File source: a) Michael Teich, "General Artur Phleps" (p. 40); b) Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 1312.

NOT ALLOWED: removing source credits from the files – using text without crediting the original author – using files and information for political propaganda and commercial purposes.



August Šmidhuber, komandant 21. brdske SS-divizije "Skenderbeg" i 7. brdske SS-divizije "Princ Eugen". Bavarac, vojnik od svoje 18. godine, nije bio član Nacional-socijalističke partije (bio je član Bavarske narodne partije), ali je bio pripadnik SA i SS-a. Šmidhuber je jedan od prvih – i poslednjih oficira "Princ Eugen" divizije. U ovu jedinicu je došao iz SS-divizije "Rajh", u kojoj je bio komandant bataljona u pukovima "Germanija", 11. pešadijskom i "Nemačka". U "Princ Eugen" diviziji je služio od maja 1942. kao komandant 2. odnosno 14. puka, a od novembra 1943. do januara 1944. bio je privremeni komandant divizije. Aprila 1944. godine Šmidhuber je imenovan za komandanta "Skenderbeg" divizije (jedinica upamćena po velikoj nedisciplini i ratnim zločinima). U januaru 1945. vratio se u svoju staru diviziju, "Princ Eugen", i vodio je sve do predaje u Sloveniji, maja 1945. Na suđenju u Beogradu, februara 1947. godine, optužen je za najgnusnije zločine, počinjene od samog početka pa do kraja njegove službe u Jugoslaviji. Od tužilaštva je dobio nadimak "najkrvoločniji oficir 7. SS-divizije" (zasnovan na navodnoj izjavi dr Eugena Štumpfa iz 1944. godine). Šmidhuber je svoju odgovornost za zločine poricao, eventualno prebacivao na bivše saborce, i čak isticao primere svog pomaganja civilnom stanovništvu. Obešen je 27. februara 1947. Priložene fotografije ga prikazuju dok pozira sa hrvatskim Ordenom Krune Kralja Zvonimira I reda, kao SS-štandartenfirer – i na suđenju, nekoliko dana pred smrt.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Ime i prezime: August Šmidhuber.
Narodnost: Nemac.
Čin: SS-brigadefirer.
Datum rođenja: 8. maj 1901.
Mesto rođenja: Augzburg, Nemačka.
Datum smrti: 27. februar 1947.
Mesto smrti: Beograd, Jugoslavija.
Uzrok smrti: vešanje.
SS-broj: 266450.
Napomena: proglašen za ratnog zločinca od strane Državne komisije Jugoslavije i Komisije Ujedinjenih nacija.

Fotograf: a) nepoznat; b) nepoznat.
Datum: a) 1943/1944; b) februar 1947.
Mesto: a) nepoznato, Jugoslavija; b) Beograd, Jugoslavija.

Izvor fajla: a) Michael Teich, "General Artur Phleps" (str. 40); b) Muzej istorije Jugoslavije / Znaci, 1312.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.