27 August 2015

0030 | Bio | Otto Kumm



Otto Kumm, chief of staff of the V SS Mountain Corps and commander of the 7th SS Mountain Division "Prinz Eugen". A highly decorated, exceptionally tallented and successful officer, who ended his career as commander of the most elite SS unit, SS Bodyguard "Adolf Hitler". He came to Yugoslavia from the SS Armoured Grenadier Division "Das Reich", after fierce battles in Russia, in late May 1943 – as chief of staff (Ia) of the newly-formed V SS Mountain Corps. He commanded the "Prinz Eugen" Division for a year, from (late) January 1944 to (late) January 1945. He was also the unit's highest decorated member. After the war, he became a successful businessman and founded the Mutual Aid Association of Former Members of the Waffen-SS (HIAG; several well known convicted war criminals were members of the association). He published two books on the "Prinz Eugen" Division: its history and book of photographs. Kumm wrote about the unit's ethnic German members with a true fatherly affection and understanding – but he also almost completely omitted the subject of their war crimes. He died of natural causes, aged 95. He was the only commander of the "Prinz Eugen" Division who survived the war and escaped the trial in Yugoslavia (by fleeing). The enclosed photographs show him posing with his Knight's Cross – at the time of his transfer to Yugoslavia, and at the end of his life.

Text © Ivan Ž.

Name: Otto Kumm.
Nationality: German.
Rank: SS-Brigadeführer.
Date of birth: 1 October 1909.
Place of birth: Hamburg, Germany.
Date of death: 23 March 2004.
Place of death: Offenburg, Germany.
Cause of death: natural.
SS number: 18727.
NSDAP number: 421230.
Note: holder of the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords; declared a war criminal by the Yugoslav State Commission and the United Nations Commission.

Photographer: a) Heinrich Hoffmann; b) unknown.
Date: a) May 1943; b) unknown.
Location: a) Berlin, Germany; b) unknown.

File source: a) German Postal History, 74151; b) Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS 1939–1945.

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Oto Kum, načelnik štaba V brdskog SS-korpusa i komandant 7. brdske SS-divizije "Princ Eugen". Visoko odlikovan, vanredno talentovan i uspešan oficir, koji je karijeru završio kao poslednji komandant najelitnije SS-jedinice, Telesne garde SS-a "Adolf Hitler". U Jugoslaviju je došao iz Oklopno-grenadirske SS-divizije "Rajh", posle žestokih borbi u Rusiji, krajem maja 1943. godine – kao načelnik štaba (Ia) novoformiranog V brdskog SS-korpusa. "Princ Eugen" divizijom je komandovao godinu dana, od (kraja) januara 1944. do (kraja) januara 1945. On je bio i najviše odlikovani pripadnik ove jedinice. Posle rata je postao uspešan biznismen i osnovao Udruženje za uzajamnu pomoć bivših pripadnika SS-trupa (HIAG; nekoliko poznatih osuđenih ratnih zločinaca su bili članovi ovog udruženja). Objavio je dve knjige o diviziji "Princ Eugen": njenu istoriju i knjigu fotografija. O domaćim Nemcima, pripadnicima ove jedinice, Kum je pisao sa pravom očinskom ljubavlju i razumevanjem – ali je temu njihovih ratnih zločina zaobišao u širokom luku. Umro je prirodnom smrću, u 95. godini života. Jedini je komandant "Princ Eugen" divizije koji je preživeo rat i izbegao suđenje u Jugoslaviji (bekstvom). Priložene fotografije ga prikazuju dok pozira sa svojim Viteškim krstom – u vreme kada je dobio prekomandu u Jugoslaviju, i pred kraj života.

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Ime i prezime: Oto Kum.
Narodnost: Nemac.
Čin: SS-brigadefirer.
Datum rođenja: 1. oktobar 1909.
Mesto rođenja: Hamburg, Nemačka.
Datum smrti: 23. mart 2004.
Mesto smrti: Ofenburg, Nemačka.
Uzrok smrti: prirodan.
SS-broj: 18727.
NSDAP-broj: 421230.
Napomena: nosilac Viteškog krsta sa hrastovim lišćem i mačevima; proglašen za ratnog zločinca od strane Državne komisije Jugoslavije i Komisije Ujedinjenih nacija.

Fotograf: a) Hajnrih Hofman; b) nepoznat.
Datum: a) maj 1943; b) nepoznat.
Mesto: a) Berlin, Nemačka; b) nepoznato.

Izvor fajla: a) German Postal History, 74151; b) Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS 1939–1945.

NIJE DOZVOLJENO: uklanjanje naziva izvora sa fajlova – korišćenje teksta bez navođenja izvornog autora – korišćenje fajlova i informacija u političko-propagandne i komercijalne svrhe.