30 August 2015

0048 | Photo | Infanterie-Regiment "Großdeutschland" (mot.)



Execution of hostages in Pančevo. For the (alleged) attack on German troops and the illegal possession of weapons, on 21 and 22 April 1941, 18 people were shot in Pančevo; in retaliation for the attack, that is, for one killed and one wounded German soldier, and because of the (allegedly) violent behaviour towards the ethnic Germans, 18 hostages were hanged on the same occasion. The court-martial was formed at the request of the city commander, Oberstleutnant Fritz Bandelow from the "Großdeutschland" Regiment, and the presiding judge was SS-Sturmbannführer Rudolf Hoffmann from the SS Division "Reich". (At a post-war trial in Germany, Hoffmann was found not guilty of a crime – which was also a new German attempt to justify the very crime.) The shooting was carried out by members of the "Großdeutschland" Regiment and the hanging by the local Germans. Pictured, an officer of the Infantry Regiment "Großdeutschland" finishes off the survivors after the execution, at the old Orthodox cemetery (he is accompanied by an officer of the SS Division "Reich").

Text © Ivan Ž.

Photographer: Gerhard Gronefeld.
Date: 22 April 1941.
Location: Pančevo, Yugoslavia.
Original caption: unknown.

File source: Deutsches Historisches Museum, GG 388/16.

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Pogubljenje talaca u Pančevu. Zbog (navodnog) napada na nemačku vojsku i nedozvoljenog posedovanja oružja, u Pančevu je 21. i 22. aprila 1941. streljano 18 lica; u cilju odmazde za ovaj napad, odnosno za jednog ubijenog i jednog ranjenog nemačkog vojnika, i zbog (navodnog) nasilnog ponašanja prema folksdojčerima, istom prilikom je obešeno 18 talaca. Preki sud je formiran po zahtevu komandanta grada, potpukovnika Frica Bandelova iz puka "Velika Nemačka", a predsedavajući sudija je bio SS-šturmbanfirer Rudolf Hofman iz SS-divizije "Rajh". (Na posleratnom suđenju u Nemačkoj, Hofman je oslobođen krivice za bilo kakav zločin – što je ujedno bio i novi nemački pokušaj opravdavanja samog zločina.) Streljanje su izvršili pripadnici puka "Velika Nemačka", a vešanje domaći Nemci. Na slici, oficir Pešadijskog puka "Velika Nemačka" dokrajčuje preživele posle streljanja, na starom pravoslavnom groblju (društvo mu pravi jedan oficir SS-divizije "Rajh").

Tekst © Ivan Ž.

Fotograf: Gerhard Gronefeld.
Datum: 22. april 1941.
Mesto: Pančevo, Jugoslavija.
Originalni natpis: nepoznat.

Izvor fajla: Deutsches Historisches Museum, GG 388/16.

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